Functionalism And Functionalism Of Functionalism

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A Functionalism is the theory that what makes something a mental state depends on its function or role in the cognitive system, instead of its internal constitution. To put it another way, functionalism holds that mental states correspond to functional states. Functionalism is the offspring of both identity theory and behaviorism, and comes in a few different flavors. For example, there is machine functionalism, psycho-functionalism, analytic functionalism, role-functionalism and realizer-functionalism. Furthermore, while some forms of functionalism identify mental states with functional states, other forms associate mental states with the physical states that play those particular functional roles. Developed in the 1960s, the three founders of functionalism include Hilary Putnam (machine functionalist), David Armstrong (analytic functionalist), and David Lewis (analytic functionalist). Further elaborating on functionalism, a functionalist theory could attribute the mental state of "pain" to be caused by bodily injury, which, in turn, produces the "belief" that something is wrong, which creates the "desire" to no longer be in pain, which also leads to wincing and moaning. This is different from behaviorism, which would equate the mental state of pain with the act of wincing and moaning. According to this, only those things with internal states that play certain roles are capable of being in "pain". So, if we suppose that there is some distinctive type of neural activity

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