Essay about Garvey, Dubois and Pan Africanism

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Pan Africanism, in its fundamental definition, implores the black population to pursue self-dignity and self-determination in bettering their situation and becoming equal to the majority population; W.E.B. Dubois and Marcus Garvey, while both active Pan-Africanists in theory, have different goals and perspectives on the ways in which the racial problems should be approached. The central differences between Dubois and Garvey lie in their adolescent upbringings, and permeate through adulthood to form opinions about the history of colonialism and imperialism that separated society as a whole. In many ways, class structure ultimately shapes the views of a person towards themselves as well as society in general — as we compare and contrast…show more content…
Garvey was born in Jamaica, poor and convinced that the country could do nothing for him academically or socially — this is when he decided to travel to the United states to seek newer opportunities. Dubois, however, was raised by middle class parents in Massachusetts, where he formed the belief that only hard work will cause success in ones’ life. He attended Fisk University and eventually Harvard, further reinforcing his beliefs that integration and hard work would be the only way to make it in that society. Garvey appealed to the masses, with his message of self-determination, despite socio-economic background. He stated himself, “… I appeal for four hundred million Negroes of the world, and fifteen millions in America in particular,” and thus, he did attract a very large audience. Dubois, on the other hand, saw the wealthy and well educated as the epicenter of black prosperity and growth, and thus proclaimed that “from [educated blacks’] knowledge and experience, [they] would lead the mass.” Because of this overt separation in viewpoints of the lower class blacks, many are lead to believe that only Dubois exuded scrutiny of blacks in America. Dubois frequently declared that poor blacks were in their situations by their own accord, and made statements such as “wealth is the result of work and saving and the rich rightly inherited the earth. The poor, on the
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