Garvey Social Injustice

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Although, slavery was abolished in America in 1865, African Americans were not to be accepted in the society. The Plessy vs. Ferguson case of 1896 ruled the “separate but equal rights doctrine,” or segregation, in America. As a result of the ruling, “Jim Crow laws then spread over the US” forcing blacks and whites to accept segregation as a new social norm. Although Marcus Garvey was born in Jamaica, he was still faced with the challenges of a racially unjust environment, thus, he decided that he wanted to make a change for the entire Black race at the age of fourteen.
In 1914, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The association was “established on principles of political justice for blacks and other races” along with being a major organization for the empowerment of Black people politically and socially. In the August of 1920, the “Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World” was created, and in the document are the social injustices of the black race. Complaint One in the Declaration exclaims that blacks “are discriminated against and denied the common rights due to human beings for no other reason than their race and color”. Knowing that this was a prime dilemma to the thriving of the race, Garvey had already developed a vision of racial pride and self-improvement for all Blacks. To explain, Garvey inferred that African-Americans should “take racial pride in being black” and also accept Black Nationalism, “the idea that black

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