Despite what seems to be positive empowerment of females alike, Mulan in fact does not encourage the individual empowerment of women through separation of traditional gender stereotypes. In fact, Mulan emphasizes the roles between binary genders that ensure privilege of men over women. Additionally, the film shows how such stereotypical gender roles affect society through social oppression of the minority group. Throughout the film, it is obvious that, although it is possible to have gender performativity, there is disempowerment of women and a man’s life is that which is more significant than a woman’s. For the duration of the movie, the idea of masculinity is emphasized and its ideas are reinforced. Notably, when Shang, the captain of the army, sings the song I’ll Make a Man out of You (Wilder et al., 1998a), the portrayal of the stereotypical representation of masculinity is obvious. The lyrics “Did they send me daughters, when I asked for sons?” further points to the notion that there is only one gender that is worthy and appropriate to fight (1998). Additionally, the captain’s main goal is to make a man out of each member in the army. The assertion is that femininity is not acceptable; the “womanly” recruits have been transformed into “real men” in order to competently fight the war. Towbin et al., supports this notion in that “men and boys are portrayed as rescuers who save the day" (2004). Although the film appears to be supporting feminist ideals as
When Mulan returns home, she returns to the normal expectations of a woman which puzzles her comrades. “Traveling together for twelve years, they didn’t know Mulan was a girl. ‘The he-hare’s feet go hop and skip, the she-hare’s eyes are muddled and fuddled. Two hares running side by side close to the ground. How can they tell if I am he or she?’” (Frankel). Mulan relays the difference between men and women but also states that when both are faced with an obstacle like war, there really is no difference between them. Therefore, Mulan becomes a master of both the worlds of men and
Mulan is Disney animation about a story with a strong woman protagonist, who is Fa Mulan, directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook in 1998. The film is based on Chinese legendary story of Hua Mulan. Overall of the film shows Chinese Confucian and traditional values with unique regulation, culture, and traditional system in their society. According to diegetic elements of Mulan which is defined as elements that consists of events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds in the story, the main event is a story about how Mulan who is not suitable for traditional woman role in Chinese ancient society overcomes the prejudice of gender role with exceptional behaviors as joining Chinese military troop secretly instead of her father who was wounded by former war. The movie Mulan is a narrative in terms of categorizing one concept that describes and arranges the sequence of events in a cause-and-effect order. In that sense, the movie starts to narrate certain disparity between Chinese Confucian and traditional cultural characters of gender role and protagonist’s inner human nature overall the movie, and that disparity leads the protagonist to overcome internal and external conflicts in progression of the story. This paper will analyze how Mulan demonstrates characteristic culture in Chinese society which shows stereotypes of gender role in the past, and what kinds of methods protagonist use for overcoming and deviating from a traditional gender characteristic by providing
In 1998 Disney released the action packed movie Mulan. Mulan is strong female lead that doesn’t fit the typical dainty Disney princess. How could it not be feminist? Hidden (or not so hidden) throughout the film, Mulan is littered with traditional gender stereotypes. Based on the premise, songs and other comments, I have determined that on the surface Mulan seems to be feminist, but underneath it is filled with damaging ideas to men and women.
To complete this sociological journey I used the concepts from chapters 3,4,5, and 8 of the textbook Sociology: A Brief Introduction, 11th ed. by Richard T. Schaefer. Mulan is a Disney movie character that has to face many sociological problems that threaten her physically and sociologically. Her social role is to become an obedient wife to her future husband, but Mulan just could not conform to the gender role that was expected of her, thus creating a role conflict. And as the movie progresses Mulan refuses to give into the norms of China and instead trusts in her values and takes on the duty of protecting her significant others from the war against the Huns. In the process of training. She isn’t given many life chances because of her being apart of the group known as women and men don’t respect or understand this group. Mulan meets Li Shang, who has the achieved status of captain, but some soldiers believe that the title of captain is an ascribed status because of the status of his father. This causes conflict and insubordination between the captain and the soldiers. Mulan takes on the personality of Ping to hide her identity and this action eventually has severe consequences due to the impersonation of a soldier being a very serious crime that could’ve brought on a fatal punishment, but she was spared due to her heroics later on. This is her journey from a girl to a soldier.
“The Mask You Live In,” the 2015 documentary produced by Jennifer Siebel Newson was made to inform it’s audience which are boy and girls from aged 10 to adults that the social expectations which contemporary society sets upon males through popular culture, sports and media is very harmful. This message is not only important for the males who are negatievly impacted by the “man box” however it is harmful for everyone else in their lives as they are impacted directly. This film hopes to shed light to an issue that has been around since the militarization of civilizations when women became inferior to their male counterparts and patriarchy became the dominant approach to social norms. Through the film, we’re able to understand the term of the “manbox.” This term is societies’s rules for acting like a man; the mentality behaviours and restrictions that men and boys are socialy constructed to such as being strong, athletic, providing, aggressive and unemotional.
There are also many male gender stereotypes presented throughout the movie. In the film, the men are the ones who go away to war to fight for China and have to face the harsh and terrifying conditions involved with this. The men in the film are defined by their masculinity, which includes strength, power and intelligence. One particular song, “I’ll make a man out of you”, includes the lyrics “You’re a spineless, pale, pathetic lot and you haven’t got a clue, somehow I’ll make a man out of you”. This is an insult to the men and suggests that they aren’t good enough and the captain will have to make them stronger: more like men. The chorus suggests what a man should be like as it states “Be a man, we must be as swift as a coursing river, be
In this paper, I am arguing the importance of gender oppression knowledge. Gender oppression has come a long way however, there is still oppression present. The difference between gender oppression and other types of oppression makes it a bit more complicated. Nonetheless, by using the beliefs of existentialism, gender oppression can be decreased. It is the role of women themselves, to strive towards transcendence. The first step however, is awareness.
A little girl in ancient greece sits in her wealthy parents estate, she stares out the window at her brother learning how to write in the courtyard from their private tutor. Her mother calls for her attention, but after a few sentences explaining that to properly hold a stitch in fabric you must double back when you start, her attention shifts back to the blue sky and the cobblestone paths that mapped out the open space of the courtyard. She's almost ten years old her father has already found a sutor eleven years older than her for her to marry. A soon to be mother stares at her degree, will she be able to pursue her career with her child. Never does shared responsibility cross her mind, after all its 1970 and its not the man's responsibility
Males are seen as powerful intelligent and strong. In the movie during a scene which all the soldiers are training Captain Li Shang is instructing them by singing the song “I’ll Make a Man Out of You” This song is discriminatory towards women with its lyrics of. “Did they send me daughters, when I asked for sons?” saying that women are incapable of being strong and powerful like men. The song is basically saying that male traits are preferable to female traits in every way.
But, in the case of Mulan, she redefined the stereotypical idea of masculinity. All throughout the movie Mulan was looked upon as just another girl in the Chinese culture, whose main goal was to fulfill her families honor by being able to achieve certain characteristics to be accepted for marriage. In the beginning of the movie, Mulan is shown engaging in conversion with her mother about the matchmaker pairing her up with a man who could potentially be her future husband. From that point Mulan meets up with the matchmaker and makes a complete fool of herself. At this point it is shown that the marriage lifestyle isn’t cut out for Mulan. This is surprising when making a connection with reality. For most woman it is their dream to grow up and get married. Going to war wouldn’t necessarily be a dream for Mulan, but it would be a mission. Aside from being a man, for Mulan to be eligible to fight in the army she would have to possess some type of physical strength. According to Soren Hough, “women must be physically strong, and if possible, they must defeat men
After multiple embarrassing failures in introductions, Ping and the other drafted soldiers are taught by General Shang how to be a “true man”. Through this showcase, it is seen that not only girls are faced with stereotypes, boys also undergo the same pressure, just in a different way. In the song “I’ll Make a Man Out of You”, Shang sings that a man has to be as swift as a coursing river, have the force of a great typhoon, with strength of a raging fire, and be as mysterious as the dark side of the moon. Like the song for girls, this also places societal pressure on males to fit a certain standard. While Mulan is in her disguise as Ping, she is subjected to feel the pressures on both worlds.
This all points out a clear message that women are worth less than men. And if you would argue that Mulan proves her worth by becoming a soldier and saving her country, it must be remembered that she did it all, as a man and not as a woman. Gender roles applies for men as well in this movie, though not to the same degree. The song “Be A Man”, while it is extremely catchy, seems to suggest that all men and only men should be “swift as a coursing river”, have “all the force of a great typhoon”, “with all the strength of a raging fire”, and be “mysterious as the dark side of the moon”. Mulan has accepted these ideas and becoming the best soldier in the camp only shows that she “became a man” in order to do
This paper focuses on gender roles in advertisements and further analyzes the affect these advertisements have on women. Gender roles refer to the ways in which individuals are expected to act based on their gender. These roles are very prevalent in society, and because of this, are also depicted heavily in advertisements. Although men do receive negative messages from advertisements, this paper focuses more on women because of the amount of violence and stereotypes that are depicted towards them in these ads.
Society today places many ideals when it comes to proper behaviours regarding gender roles. These are considered societal norms that are widely debated and controversial. Society has created a norm, which encompasses specific expectations and rules that change the daily lives of men and women, giving them specific tasks and behaviours to abide by. These standards are known as gender roles, which are defined as distinguishing actions, thoughts, and feelings of males and females. Gender roles are said to be a result of nature, which is a natural process, every male or female is to follow. On the other hand it can be a result of nurture, which changes ones way of thinking and adapting their lifestyle to fit their environment. Either way gender roles are a part of someone’s life from the moment of their birth, as they develop, and long after that, this proves that gender roles are influential to a person’s life and development. This essay examines how media such as music, family life, and different parenting styles encompass gender roles and teaches behaviours regarding them. Therefore, gender roles define males and females are a result of nurture and not nature.