Civilizations began as a small, scattered, simple, and unremarkable groups. But they rise to be large, unified, complex, and legendary societies. The indispensable elements crucial to any civilization rise comes from the following factors; moral code, trade, and accountability in leadership. The moral code must be collective and opposed upon the entire community of all ranks. In addition, moral code must be built around tolerance and justice for the people as a whole. Trade is a gateway to money, economic incline, technology, and medicine. Trade requires exchange, exportation of surplus, importation of goods, and additionally connections with neighboring nations. Furthermore, leadership has to have a positive influence upon its subjects. Leaders must be charismatic, visionary, and potent to be influential. Accountability in leadership, moral code, and trade are prominent factors which contribute to the rise of civilizations.
From the inception of society, man has always had to cope with instinctive acts that ultimately lead to the decisions they make. In Friedrich Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morals, the discussion of guilt and the theory of a bad conscience are portrayed in a noteworthy manner. In this chapter of The Betrothed, multiple characters morality is challenged by the idea of acting on their instincts. One of the main protagonists of the novel, Lucia, is challenged with the decision of listening to Gertrude or potentially lying to Father Cristoforo. Another character called The Unnamed, the man entrusted by Don Rodrigo to kidnap Lucia, faces the decision of acting on impulse in completing his promise he made Don Rodrigo or acting on his morals and letting
Section 14 in Essay 2 of Nietzsche’s “Genealogy of Morals”, contains rich insight, mainly about punishment. Punishment is suppose to be the way to awaken the feeling of guilt in someone that has done some wrong. However, punishment does not succeed in instilling bad conscience, or the sense of guilt, on the guilty person. When someone is punished, they do not receive a feeling of guilt. It can lead to two opposite things; either they are are able to become stronger and tougher and take the punishment, or they have their vitality destroyed and become dehumanized. Nietzsche suggests that when the person who is guilty sees the person that he wronged cast these acts of punishment on him out of pleasure, he is blinded by the awful things that
In the light of a political dilemma that doesn't have a clear solution, it seems as though the ethical question of Hiroshima and Nagasaki is haunting us (the United States) again. It seems as though that history is repeating itself and it is the Holocaust Part II. When Mark Hetfield, president and CEO of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society
The Genealogy of Morals is a polemic view of morality written by the idiosyncratic German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. The first book develops on 3 fundamental concepts. The concept of the Slave Morality, Ressitement, and the Aristocratic Morality. In the First book Nietzsche attempts to show the distinction of Good vs. Evil through genealogy. A genealogy could be comparable to an intricate etymology. A genealogy would be a historical approach to any philosophical question by first determining the origin or source of a word. “What first put me on the right track was this question: what is the true etymological meaning of the various terms for the idea ‘Good” which have been coined in various languages?” (Page 17) Nietzsche does this with
Why do we ‘punish’? Why do we feel ‘guilt’? How do we define what is ‘good’, ‘bad’ or ‘evil’? What moves us to make a judgement? In On the Genealogy of Morals, Friedrich Nietzsche makes use of three different essays (“‘Good and Evil’, ‘Good and Bad’”, “‘Guilt’, ‘Bad Conscience’, and the Like”, and “What is the Meaning of Ascetic Ideals?”) that examine similar forms of his major philosophical worry: the various origins and definitions of our different moral concepts and ideas, persistence and progressively grave effects of Christian morality. It is generally hard to evaluate Nietzsche because he displays such an authentic approach to value theory that it is easy to get lost in his vast collection of ideas. In the first essay, “‘Good and Evil’,
In contemplating my own beliefs of what is sought as “good” and what is “bad,” I chose to expand my ideas and compare them to Friedrich Nietzsche’s first essay in “On the Genealogy of Morals.” Nietzsche first debunks the ideas of Nietzsche sees two types of morality at play creating these original definitions of good bad and evil, master morality and slave morality. I will also use Nietzsche’s concept of “will to power” to evaluate each of these ideas. Nietzsche believes that the will to power is the force that pushes humankind. To clarify for my readers, I’m looking to separate deontology from virtue ethics to improve my own understanding of good and bad not as what is right or wrong.
Most of the times Nietzsche understands “morality” as the set of values typical of the European society of his days. In this sense, it is safe to say that Nietzsche opposes morality and that genealogy serves the ultimate goal of undermining it. However, it is legitimate to envision for genealogy a scope for application which goes beyond the particular morality of 19th century Germans. Accordingly, my claim is that in Nietzsche European morality represents just one possible form of morality. Nietzsche himself seems to claim that he is focusing his attacks only on a specific instance of morality – one among possible others. So for example, in the preface to On the Genealogy of Morals he claims that the object of the book is the value of
In our constantly changing world, situations can arise that need to be dealt with in a logical way to meet everyone’s needs. Although, this is extremely difficult, keeping majority happy, can seem perfect for a country. Friedrich Nietzsche discusses plenty about moral goods, and ultimately tries to develop a critical understanding of morality, in his novel written On the Genealogy of Morality (2007). This can be compared to many situations that have occurred, from citizens revolting against their government to minorities being left out of society. The two articles that I will be comparing to Nietzsche’s ideologies for this assignment are based upon the Burkini ban in France. The first article discusses the causes for this issue and is called
In a longitudinal study of synchrony and the development of morality, Feldman (2007) found that mother-infant synchrony measured in the first year of life (3 and 9 months) was directly associated with empathy level in childhood and adolescence (6 and 13 years). Specifically, the more mothers and infants matched and influenced each other’s behaviors during face-to-face play in infancy, the more empathy was expressed by the child during mother-child conversations that occurred during middle childhood and adolescence. In general, maternal warmth has been found to be an important factor in promoting empathy development. Toddlers and children who had parents who were observed to display more warmth toward them during a variety of interactions in
The moral philosophy that we know and recognize today in the Western world is slave morality, a morality which puts forward ideals of fairness, equality, and democracy. However, many centuries ago during the medieval times, master morality was the norm; a morality that favors those superior in strength, beauty, intelligence, and status. Master morality preceded slave morality.
I will argue for the view that Morality does depend on religion due to the following: God 's existence, the divine theory, commandments, beliefs and etc. From bibles and scriptures has stated that without God we wouldn 't follow from what 's right and wrong beliefs. Taking such actions to commit and follow and that 's how we would know and develop our moral behavior. In a philosophic term, of morality is the attempt to achieve a systematic understanding of the nature of morality and what it requires of us- in Socrates’ words, of “how we ought to live,” and why. Morality is given in a perspective of minimum conception, in other words, universability, as to something is being proposed to be followed by everyone throughout the entire universe.
Much of human culture is built upon basic principles that we as people may, or may not, even be aware that we are adhering to. Most people never stop to question why it is that we cherish certain animals, yet consume others. Almost all American’s would be disgusted if I mentioned that in China, it is socially acceptable to eat dogs and cats, and many Indian’s would find it completely reprehensible that people in America eat cows. Those who choose to eat meat and other animal products, and those who choose to abstain from these products for moral reasons tend to have wildly different views on animals and the roles they play in our society. What is it that gives us, as humans, the right to take another living being’s life? These issues seem
‘It is from society and not from the individual that morality derives’ (Durkheim 1974: 61). According to Emile Durkheim ‘morality begins with the membership and life of a group…and that society creates all moral codes, not individuals’ (Durkheim 1974: 37). He stated that an individual cannot exist without society or deny it, without denying himself. Zygmunt Bauman however disagrees and believes morality is a pre-social impulse and therefore does not originate in society. In this essay I will first explore Durkheim’s theory of morality. I will then interrogate Durkheim’s claim that moral values come from society and are solely directed towards society by examining Bauman’s critique of his theory exemplified in ‘Modernity and the
I grew up in a community where people value family more, over socio economic status. In general I have been from a low socio economic family and in schools where many people live in poverty. Despite not having access to the resources compared to those of higher socioeconomic status, my parents along with many of my friends parents have taught us to appreciate what we have because there are people that do not have anything. Most importantly to appreciate one another, such as being supportive and helping younger siblings helping parents with chores. As I grew older I have realize that my parents have done a lot for me and it is something that I want to pass on to my children. When you do not have the income to live in better situations, living teleological is the primary goal and the class auction taught me that family or the well being of my future children is more valuable than being the best looking person. The values of family bonding that I grew up with have helped shape my moral beliefs.