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Genetically And Genetically Modified Organisms

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Genetically engineered crops or genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are plants in agriculture and the DNA that has been modified using genetic engineering techniques. The goal of this type of bioengineering is to add new traits to a plant which doesn’t occur naturally in the species. Farmers have adopted the technology. The first genetically made crop was manufactured in 1982 which was an antibiotic-resistant tobacco plant. In 1986, the first free trials were in Europe and the USA and were made for herbicide resistance. The first company to genetically engineered insect-resistant plants by making genes produced from proteins which were produced from Marc Van Montagu and Jeff Schellin 1987. The first country to allow a genetic…show more content…
People have been using selective breeding until the 1700’s in which they began cross-breeding plants with species. People have been looking around at the genetics of the produce to better modify their crops. In crops, undesirable can be passed with desirable genes or while a desirable gene is added, another may be lost because the genes of both parents are mixed together due to the genes randomly assorting in the offspring. This is a problem for researchers because of the limitations of improvements that plant breeders can achieve. The future of genetically engineered crops depends on what country the crops may be in because in some, GMOs are not allowed. For example, in Scotland they have banned GMOs from growing on their soil because they want to keep their consistent environment beautiful known in the world in which they are trying to protect and enhance the green they have in their environment. Then after the announcement of Scotland not allowing GMOs, Germany decided to follow Scotland and to stop growing GMO crops. Monsanto is an American multinational agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology organization headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri. Monsanto hope to grow more genetically engineered crops because there has not been a lot of GM crops grown in Europe. Since, Europe has been trying to block the spread of genetically modified organisms which Monsanto is worried. The advantages of genetically modified crops and
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