Genetically Modified Organisms And Its Effects On The Environment

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Genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, are plants and animals that have been genetically altered using DNA from bacteria, viruses, or other plants and animals. With the many possible benefits of producing GMOs, there are also many possible detriments; thus, the topic is extremely controversial. As of 2013, 26 countries have banned GMOs. On the other hand, 28 countries have commercialized them and another 21 have granted approval for them. One problem the production of GMOs poses is that in the absence of mandatory labeling, people are unaware if their food is genetically modified and therefore cannot make informed decisions on which products to purchase. Those who support GMOs insist that the risks are not scientifically
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In addition, the UN is concerned with the cross contamination of regular crops with genetically modified ones. In 2005, at a UNEP conference in Malaysia, over 87 nations agreed on the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety which required the labeling and documentation of any GMO that was to be traded. Although multiple nations agreed to the protocol, several major agricultural nations such as the United States have been resistant to enforce it. The UN also believes GMOs will affect the agricultural growth rate of many developing nations since most of these nations do not have the ability to maintain genetically modified crops. In a statement released in 2005, the UN assessed that genetically modified food can help boost health; however, there are still many tests and precautions that need to be taken regarding the production of GMOs. Thus, until further experimentation and analysis, the UN does not support the consumptions of genetically modified organisms.

Country Blocs:

Western Bloc: A majority of the European Union condemns the use of GMOs primarily because these countries do not consider current biotechnology to be advanced enough to make organisms that are safe for health and consumption. In addition, European nations, France in particular, see the use of GMOs as not only a health hazard, but also as an environmental threat. In contrast, other Western nations fully support the
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