Greek Goddesses Essay

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The Greek Goddesses

In Greek mythology the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus played a major role in everyday life. The Greeks respected them and thought of the gods as all mighty.

In Ancient Greece the people honored and believe in the deities. Myths, poems, and epics

tell the stories and beliefs referring to the gods and goddesses. Many literary works

display the power and jobs of the goddesses. The Greek people lived to please the deities

in hope of gaining a better lifestyle. The goddesses of Greece acted as an important part of

Greek mythology ( Hamilton 28-35 ).
     
     Historians placed the goddesses into categories. The first category included the

major goddesses
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Athena held the city of

Athens sacred and this city took on her name. The owl symbolizes wisdom and Athena

referred to this as her sacred bird ( Hamilton 29 ). Athena created the olive tree and

therefore holds it sacred and important. The Greeks built a temple called the Parthenon

to honor Athena. With this temple built, the Greeks had somewhere to go to place their

offerings in front of the goddess. Many Greeks thought of Athena as most important of

the goddesses ( Pinset 100 ).

     Some Greeks placed high importance on Aphrodite, the goddess of love and

beauty. Aphrodite loved men and most men returned her love while women honored her

for her beauty. The Romans called her Venus but still thought of her the same way the

Greeks did. Even though the daughter of Zeus and Dione, the story of Aphrodite’s birth

has many variations. The most commonly told story says that the goddess rose from the

sea foam. Aphrodite held the myrtle tree sacred along with the dove and sometimes swan.

Most commonly written of in poems and myths, Aphrodite has many stories to go along

with her reputation. The Greeks placed the goddess of love in a very important position in

regards to everyday life ( Hamilton 32 ).

     Hestia, or Vesta, was also a very important, but less well known deity. Hestia’s

brother Zeus gave her the role of goddess of the hearth. Hestia protected the home and

family. The household had a
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