Gurian Chapter 1 Summary

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Gurian presented six differences between males and females in Chapter 1, including chemical, hormonal, and emotion processing, and how they influence an individuals learning process. The chemicals serotonin, dopamine, oxytocin, vasopressin, estrogen and testosterone are processed differently in males and females. Males have 52 percent more serotonin, which regulates mood and anxiety levels, than females. Females with lower serotonin levels often suffer from depression, while males are often identified as Attention Deficit. Another chemical, dopamine, a neurotransmitter, controls the brain's reward and pleasure centers as well as helping to regulate movement and emotional responses. Dopamine can be stimulated differently in males and females effecting movement, increased chances of addiction, difficulty with paying attention, impulsivity, and more sensation-seeking individuals dependent upon their concentrations. Although, oxytocin, vasopressin, estrogen and testosterone are chemicals produced by the body, they are created by hormones. The hormonal differences in males and females include levels of oxytocin, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, and vasopressin. Oxytocin is more functionally present in females, which assists them with bonding and maintaining relationships. The level of female hormones, estrogen and …show more content…

Knowing your students’ moods and identifying when a student is having emotional issues or aggression needs to be a priority and redirecting the student by allowing them to choose to a walk, talk, run a class activity, whatever is required to build the student’s feeling of acceptance and increased self-esteem. Providing opportunities for pleasurable completion, for example Kahoot or Jeopardy, during a unit lesson could increase a student’s academic

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