Health Inequities Experienced By Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People In Australia

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Reaching Our Potential – Health Inequities
PDHPE Class 3
Tahnee Hodson - Term 3, 2015

1. Describe the health inequities experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia.
Health inequities describe the differences in health status or in the distribution of health resources between different population groups, ascending from the social conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.
In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders experience far more ill health than other Australians. The major inequities experienced among these people include: *
• Younger mortality. As an example, Indigenous children aged 0–4 died at more than twice the rate of non-Indigenous children in 2012. Indigenous child death rates fell by 30% from 2001 to 2012 compared with 22% for non-Indigenous children. The largest gap in death rates between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians was in circulatory disease deaths (22% of the gap) followed by endocrine, metabolic and nutritional disorders (particularly diabetes) (14% of the gap). (1)
• Have a reduced quality of life. In 2003-04, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders were twice as likely to suffer from mental and behavioural disorders as other Australians. Hospitalisation rates for assault or intentional self-harm may also be indicative of mental illness and distress. In 2003-04 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males were 7 times more likely, and females 31 times as likely as for

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