Hierarchy of Courts

1829 Words Apr 30th, 2013 8 Pages
Explain the hierarchy of courts in Malaysia. Discuss in details.
Law is defined as any system of regulations to govern the conduct of the people of a community, society or nation. It is the governmental response to society 's need for both regularity, consistency and justice based upon collective human experience. A statute, ordinance, or regulation enacted by the legislative branch of a government and signed into law, or in some nations created by decree/judgement without any democratic process. This is distinguished from "natural law" which is not based on statute, but on common understanding of what is right and proper (often based on moral and religious precepts as well as common understanding of fairness and justice). "by-laws“ is a
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Court of Appeal
Under article 122A of the Federal constitution the President of the Courts of Appeals is the head of the court. He is appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong after consulting the Conference of Rules. There are ten judges in the Court of Appeal and they are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong after consulting the Chief Justice of the federal Court.
The Court of Appeal generally hears all civil appeals against decisions of the High Courts except where against judgment or orders made by consent. In cases where the claim is less than RM250,000, the judgment or order relates to costs only, and the appeal is against a decision of a judge in chambers on an inter pleader summons on undisputed facts, the leave of the Court of Appeal must first be obtained. The Court of Appeal also hears appeals of criminal decisions of the High Court. It is the court of final jurisdiction for cases which began in any subordinate courts.

High Courts
High Courts of co-ordinate jurisdiction and states namely the High Court of Malaya and High Court of Sabah and Sarawak. Each of the High Courts shall consist of a Chief Judge and not less than four other judges. Presently there are 47 judges in the High Court of Malaysia and 10 for the High Court of Sabah and Sarawak. A person
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