There are many horrible things and evil people that have existed in this world, but not many of them add up to the type of evil that Adolf Eichmann was.
Adolf Eichmann was a nightmare for the Jews; he stole them, shot them, and put them in a gas chambers. Eichmann was a huge factor in the solution to the “Jewish Question” in Germany. In the beginning of his influence on the Jews, he was ruthless and followed any demands given to him by his peers without question, then he began playing a large roll in the Holocaust as the leader in transportation. This had a huge effect on him, and sent him into a spiral of emotion; he wanted to protect his officers, so he changed the ways Jews were killed, but he developed such a hatred for the Jews that …show more content…
“The way we selected our victims was as follows, Auschwitz Kommandant Höss reported after the war: ‘We had two SS doctors on duty at Auschwitz to examine the incoming transports of prisoners. The prisoners would be marched by one of the doctors who would make spot decisions as they walked by. Those who were fit for work were sent into the camp. Others were sent immediately to the extermination plants. Children of tender years were invariably exterminated since by reason of their youth they were unable to work.’” (Adolf Eichmann - Biography 1). So to conclude on his duties, Eichmann was mainly in charge of the round-up and transportation of Jews, not to kill them in any way other than if the Jews were difficult and rebellious. This will come to change later when he witnesses how the Jews are being killed. Adolf Eichmann witnessed the shooting of Jews; but he thought this was inhumane. Yes, he was in charge of transportation, but he also witnessed shootings that occurred and the sites at which shooting had taken place. “Eichmann first visited Auschwitz in 1941, and he was to visit a number of killing centres throughout the East, in order to ensure that the “Final Solution” was being carried out. Eichmann proved to be a model of bureaucratic industriousness and icy determination even though he had never been a fanatical anti-semite,” (HolocaustResearchProject 1). Witnessing these shooting proved to change Eichmann a little, enough to the point where he
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‘Is Eichmann a rotten, soiled and evil man, and were his motivations boring, mundane and obvious?’ Why did Eichmann kill so many Jews if he ‘supposedly’ no real hate or motivation to do it?
In The Perils of Obedience, Stanley Milgram introduces us to his experimental studies on the conflict between one’s own conscience and obedience to authority. From these experiments, Milgram discovered that a lot of people will obey a figure in authority; irrespective of the task given - even if it goes against their own moral belief and values. Milgram’s decision to conduct these experiments was to investigate the role of Adolf Eichmann (who played a major part in the Holocaust) and ascertain if his actions were based on the fact that he was just following orders; as most Germans accused of being guilty for war crimes commonly explained that they were only being obedient to persons in higher authority.
Once the plane landed Eichmann was immediately put in jail with guards watching him 24 hours a day. Once Eichmann had been identified by a Jewish agency representative Israel announced that they had captured the notorious SS officer. He was soon tried and convicted of 15 counts all having to do with genocide and sentenced to death.
He quickly moved up in the party’s heicharch. Eichmann accomplished this because he made Jewish matters become his matters. He quickly started studying Hebrew and took trips to Palestine. (Brager, 1) Furthermore, this would aid him in the future, as his power grows stronger in the Nazi Party.
Many Nazis were unnecessarily cruel to their prisoners and those they watched over. Citizens and Nazis alike participated in Kristallnacht, even though little punishment would follow those who did not take part as long as they did not protest. Mengele, for example, was not required by law to perform cruel and unusual experiments on his people. Eichmann, Himmler, Jeckeln, Ilse Koch. These people were not followers, they were leaders. Ilse Koch skinned her inmates at Buchenwald and used their skins as pillow cushions and book covers. She encouraged the rape, murder, and torture of her girls, thinking it to be great fun (whatculture.com 2). Jeckeln developed a system, force the prisoners to dig a massive ditch, strip, lay down in the ditch, and be shot in their self-dug grave (whatculture.com 1). Jeckeln organised Babi Yar, where laughing soldiers beat the Jews to death and shot them in Jeckeln’s favorite way. It was said of Babi Yar that, “Those who hesitated had their clothes ripped off of them by force, and were kicked and struck with knuckledusters or clubs by the Germans, who seemed to be drunk with fury in a sadistic sort of rage” (Anatoli 106). These malevolent people led to horrors not required nor even imagined by Hitler. They came only from the brains of these malicious, sadistic monsters. Hitler may have encouraged his nation, but he did not directly cause this
Adolf Hitler created concentration camps, he made them for Jews to get tortured in so many ways, but the horrific life the Jews had. Hitler and the Nazis put Jews in a train with at least filled with at least 50 people and it was not uncommon to see at least 200 people in each train. “Passengers were not given food, water, or protection from the food elements for their journey, and it was not uncommon
Eichmann built a defense during his trial by arguing that he was not responsible for his actions because he was acting under orders and in accordance with the law of his land. Since his orders came from Adolf Hitler himself, Eichmann
Hannah Arendt’s essay suggests she believes that the motives steered by Adolf Eichmann to commit monstrous acts, where “once banal to all human” ( Arendt, Cp). Eichmann was viewed as a demonic monster for his immoral and corrupted mind. Banal evil shares similarities with Radical evil, such that they can both result in extraordinary evil. Unlike radical evil, banal evil can be committed by ordinary people. Eichmann lacked the ability to reflect and he seemed to think in terms of clichés as his goal was to follow Hitler’s orders to undo God’s creation and complete his job successfully and
Hanna Arendt witnessed the end trial of Adolf Eichmann, who was part of the Nazi party. Overlaying the trial, Arendt used the phrase “the banality of evil”, a phrase that has been used quite frequently. On the other hand, Eichmann has been a poor student and an unsuccessful worker before joining the Nazi party. He was known for killing many Jews. However, Eichmann showed no evidence of being psychologically unstable or disturbed. He was so inclined and secure to be pinnacle of an organization that shipped millions of people of their death, but many people did not understand why. However, he did display neither guilt nor hatred, claiming he had no responsibility due to the fact he was clearly doing his job. Eichmann always wanted to be a part of a larger group and being something good at. Given that this was his opportunity to be recognized as a leader, he stood his ground and followed orders, which he ends up being recognized by Nazis as one of the best. His orders and selfishness were the cause of millions of lost lives.
In the Auschwitz documentary Kitty Hart-Moxon gave an explanation of what had occurred during the Holocaust; selection and explains how to survive. Kitty Hart-Moxon stated, “When you arrived on the train, women and children and the elderly were sent directly to their death in the gas chambers. You could hear people suffocating for about twenty minutes, and then it was over” (Documentary: A Day In Auschwitz). If you weren't fit and didn't pass the selection test you were considered weak, and got put to your death. In the Auschwitz documentary Kitty Hart Moxon explains if you passed the selection “You were stripped down of your clothes and valuables, your hair was shaved off….and you would be tattooed with a number.” (Documentary: A Day In Auschwitz). Now, comparing the Auschwitz documentary to the excerpt Night, Elie Wiesel focused on one subject: selection. “ We knew what it meant. An SS would examine us.. to see if we were fit enough.” (Wiesel 308). The victims and prisoners went through a selection process. Men were separated from women along with children. A Nazi, usually an SS physician, looked quickly at each person to decide if he or she was strong and healthy enough for forced labor. The SS officer then selected the weak; victims did not know that individuals were being selected to live or die. Carefully examining both of the mediums subjects, the Auschwitz documentary had a wide
The Holocaust was a horrible event that should never be allowed to happen again. Over the course of this tragic event there were many people who were responsible for the ordered killings of so many. Adolf Eichmann was a Nazi officer who was in charge of keeping all of the trains going all over, so that the prisoners would get to the camps. He also called himself the “Jewish specialist” and was the head of the Gestapo Department 4, for Jewish Affairs. Eichmann was in control of many deportation jobs and played a large role in the final solution.
Adolf Hitler was someone that not many liked. He was a persuasive speaker and very violent man. This is all very true. In the past he was and still is responsible for over six million deaths, of people in the jewish life.
In “Eichmann in Jerusalem,” Hannah Arendt analyzes Adolph Eichmann while he is on trial in Jerusalem for the crimes that he committed while being a Lieutenant Colonel in the SS during the Nazi Regime. In the book Arendt talks about how Eichmann’s actions were “banal” in the sense that he seemed to be an ordinary person who just committed acts that were evil. Italian-Jewish Writer Primo Levi, a Holocaust Survivor, states that SS officers like Eichmann lived in their own self-deception that made them believe that their actions were caused by just following their orders in the SS. In this paper, I will analyze the views that both Arendt and Levi had about the Eichmann trial and then compare and state the differences of their views. I will then explain the reasons why both Hannah Arendt’s and Primo Levi’s analysis of Adolph Eichmann that show that the actions that he committed were all truly evil actions.
The Holocaust is considered as standout amongst the most awful circumstances confronted by the Jewish group in Europe and the world at large. German tyrant, Adolf Hitler is rebuked for having started the Holocaust in which he witnesses more than ten million individuals being killed, including around six million Jews. The German dictator Adolf Hitler, was well-known to be an extremely anti-Semitic character as implicated in his Mein Kampf. When the Second World War found some conclusion, the Germans together with their partners had killed two in each three Jews as a major aspect of the Final Solution strategy embraced by the Nazi administration. This all occurred because Germany and Hitler believed Jews should be used as scapegoats for German problems.
Eichmann followed the will of the Fuhrer rather than his own and this also indicates that he himself had no real motives for his acts; his fault was in the fact that he refused to think about what he was doing, or refused to recognise the truth of what he was in fact doing.