Hofstede 's Six Dimensions Of Culture

Good Essays

According to Turesky, Cloutier, and Turesky (2011), culture is defined as “the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another” (Turesky, Cloutier, and Turesky, 2011). In this paper, I will talk about Hofstede’s Six Dimensions of Culture and describe which one I think will make an effective leader.
The Six Dimensions According to Hofstede (n.d.), the Six Dimensions of Culture are power distance index, individualism versus collectivism, masculinity versus femininity, uncertainty avoidance index, long-term orientation versus short-term normative orientation, and indulgence versus restraint. Professor Geert Hofstede conducted a study on how values in the workplace are influenced by culture. He analyzed a large group of employee value scores that were collected with IBM between the years of 1967 and 1973. This data covered more than seventy countries. Hofstede first used forty of the largest groups that had the most respondents, and then he extended his analysis to fifty countries and three regions (Hofstede, n.d.).
Power Distance Index (PDI)
The power distance index dimension, according to Hofstede (n.d.), “expresses the degree to which the less powerful members of a society accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. The fundamental issue here is how a society handles inequalities among people. People in societies exhibiting a large degree of power distance accept a hierarchical order in which

Get Access