Essay on Homegrown Terrorism

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Introduction A United States citizen turning against one’s own government and embracing an ideology to kill another citizen or commit an act of violence is a growing phenomenon commonly known as homegrown terrorism. This transition or radicalization process that transforms an individual into an adversary has intensified since the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The problem continues to persist in other parts of the world such as Canada, United Kingdom and even in Saudi Arabia, a Non-Western country. This form of extremism has shown its propensity in the United States since the turn of the century when Muslim extremism had its early beginnings as a venue to support a black separatist movement.…show more content…
King and Taylor (2011) stated that radicalization does not contain any singular specificity to ethnicity, nationality, political, religious or any association with an ideological group (p.63). There is not a one-fit-all explanation which makes terrorism mitigation efforts a significant challenge for law enforcement officials and further complicates the protection of National Security. Terrorism expert, Bruce Hoffman, stated: “The profile is broken, (and) it’s women as well as men, its lifelong Muslims as well as converts, its college students as well as jailbirds” (Sullivan, 2010, para. 29). The New America Foundation and Syracuse University’s Maxwell School of Public Policy provides a database documenting jihadist and non-jihadist terrorism activity in the United States since September 11, 2001. The database also entails information on persons who have who have traveled overseas to support a terrorist cause. Though the qualification for entry into the database is vague, it does provide intriguing information that there is no clear profile on radicalized homegrown terrorists The Center of Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) confirms this viewpoint pertaining to profiling homegrown terrorists: Individuals run the gamet in terms of socio economic backgrounds, educational status and locations within the country. Some were
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