How Different Parenting Styles And Child Attachment Styles

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In this paper, I investigated the research question of how different parenting styles and child attachment styles play a role in the development of anxiety disorders. This research question is important because it can help us find ways to effectively prevent anxiety disorders early on and find effective ways of treating children and adolescents so that they do not develop disorders in the future (Schimmenti & Bifulco, 2015, p. 42). Attachment styles are defined as the bond and the strong emotional connection that is formed between two people- in this case, a child and the parent or a caregiver (Schimmenti & Bifulco, 2015, p. 42). There are three types of attachment styles: secure attachment, anxious-ambivalent attachment, and avoidant…show more content…
43). Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA), measured neglect, antipathy, role reversal, physical abuse, psychological abuse and sexual abuse in the participants’ childhood, before the age of 17 (Schimmenti & Bifulco, 2015, p. 43). And the Attachment style interview was used to determine the attachment style of the participants (Schimmenti & Bifulco, 2015, p. 43). The results showed that 18% of the participants met the criteria for anxiety disorders with social phobia being the most common at 66%, generalized anxiety at 38% and panic attack with or without agoraphobia at 28%. Females were significantly more likely to have an anxiety disorder, with 69% of the participants with anxiety disorders being female. Participants that were diagnosed with anxiety disorders in the last 12 months showed significantly higher rates of antipathy and neglect, while role reversal, physical, psychological, and sexual abuse showed no effect. 37% of participants who showed anxious attachment showed anxiety disorders in the last 12 months compared to 12% of securely attached, and 10% of avoidant attached participants. The data showed that “parental antipathy was statistically linked with anxiety disorders via attachment score” (Schimmenti & Bifulco, 2015, p. 46). This suggests that participants who experienced antipathy as a child developed an anxious attachment style, which can be associated with the development of an
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