How Language Abilities and Deficiencies Impact Literacy Development

1529 Words Feb 9th, 2013 7 Pages
How Language Abilities and Deficiencies Impact Literacy Development
Ashanti Gordon
Grand Canyon University: ECH 515
December 12, 2012

How Language Abilities and Deficiencies Impact Literacy Development Multnomah County had a survey done for kindergarten teachers. The results suggested that 19.4% of their students were not headed toward literacy success, due to a lack of necessary language and pre-reading skills. There is a 90% probability of a child that is a poor reader in first grade, still being a poor reader three years later, in fourth grade (http://www.co.marion.or.us). As Early Childhood Educators, we must help our students. Creating literacy rich environments for our students will assist them in the literacy
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This understanding of literacy development is relatively new and complements the research that supports the crucial role that early experiences play in shaping the development of our brain. Language and literacy have a positive correlation. In order to develop solid literacy skills a child must accrue strong language abilities. Unlike language, literacy is not a natural process. It is directly taught, one skill building on the next, until there is a big picture. Literacy takes many years to master. Some fundamental language skills that impact literacy development are phonemic awareness, print awareness, and vocabulary skills. Since good language promotes strong literacy, then it is only logical for language deficiencies to cause problems with literacy. This paper will discuss some key factors that influence literacy development. When properly obtained the skills can lead to successful literacy abilities. When not properly depicted, these same skills can cause a negative impact, or deficiencies in literacy development.
Phonemic Awareness One of the most crucial skills of literacy development is for a child to grasp the concept of spoken word. If a child understands that a word such as pill has three sounds, they may be headed down the right path. This part of phonemic awareness is call segmentation. Most often this skill develops in children who are exposed to a variety of language experiences. These experiences can be though
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