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How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of

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How Separatist Groups Have Had Little Success at Gaining Autonomy from the Country Which they are Currently a Part Of

In this essay I will be aiming to explain how separatist groups have had little success at gaining autonomy from the country which they are currently part of. Autonomy is the right to self government and therefore in my case study of the Basques I will assess whether they have in my opinion been able to achieve this.

Map of Basque regionThe Basque region consists of seven "herrialdes", or districts which, for political and administrative purposes, form part of two different more economically developed European countries: Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Nafarroa are in Spain, and Lapurdi,
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In the Spanish constitution the "Euskera, the Basque People's own language, is to share with Spanish the status of official language in the Basque Country. And all its inhabitants have the right to know and use both languages." In accordance with this precept, the Basque language, besides being official along with Spanish, is recognized as the Basque People's own language and 650,000 people speak it. In schools the children learn almost exclusively in Basque. Even the nationality is set in the Spanish constitution, the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country defines, in its article, that the people living in the 7 regions as: the Basque People or Euskal-Herria as a nationality. With the isolation of this area it is also inaccessible, this area is the richest in Spain yet hard to access.

It feels the need for autonomy and self determination due to the specialism of its language and nationality which is different to that of Spain and France. With the area being inaccessible it needs to set up its own ports and economy which is strong with Bilbao the capital of the Basque region being the chief industrial place in Spain. Also Victoria is the city of exception urban design.

In the beginning of the last century the Basque people were attracted to the republicans which advertised autonomy for votes and support and were given regional autonomy by the republican government in 1936.
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