The website “theintercept.com” released documents on election tampering from an NSA leaker. “Reality Winner”, an NSA contractor, was arrested soon thereafter an arrest warrant had been issued and was published online. The documents she printed contained tiny yellow Microdots, and the warrant showed how the NSA tracked her down via the documents she sent to the Intercept. The published Intercept document was not the original scanned PDF file but a PDF containing pictures of the printed document. Several decades ago when the advent of the color printer came about, and the technology approached near photo perfect, the Treasury Department realized they had a major problem. Color copiers could copy currency and create counterfeit notes. …show more content…
Click on Select and then All or Ctrl + A to select the whole document. Imported GIMP Document. Now Select Colors and then Invert, the document will appear as below. GIMP Document with Inverted Colors. Zoom in to any white space or in this case dark space. Enlarging the image below you will see what appears to be groups of blue (the inverse of yellow) dots arranged in a rectangular pattern. GIMP Document - Zoom In All That Is Hidden Can Now Be Seen Select one of these patterns and make sure you have a 15 wide by 8 dot tall block. GIMP Document - Microdots If we go to the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) – DocuColor Tracking Dot Decoding Guide WEB page we immediately notice that column one, row one does not have a dot in it and we must rotate the image 180 degrees to properly orient the pattern for decoding. In GIMP, under the Image tab, select Transform, and Rotate 180 degrees. Once done we can use the EFF page to decode the dots. GIMP Document - Rotated 180 Now we can match the dot pattern to the import form for decoding. EFF Microdot Pattern After matching the dot to its corresponding row and column we can fill in the code above, click on the Submit button to return the results. EFF Microdot Pattern Decoded The document leaked by the Intercept was from a printer with model number 54 and the serial number 29535218. We can see that on May 9, 2017, at 6:20, the document was printed. The NSA knows which
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Snowden’s leaked information prompted debates all over and it brought major concerns about personal privacy and the security of citizens. His actions to risk his personal freedom to bring controversial information to the public domain is an act of great patriotism, it upholds the virtues contained in the US constitution. (Gurnow, 2014) Nonetheless, ever since the events of terrorism in 2001, the NSA has given spy agencies mandates to carry out surveillance on suspicious persons, thus reducing acts of
George Washington asked, James Jay, the brother of John Jay, was learning chemistry in England, who had created a chemical solution out of tannic acid to be used as an invisible ink, it was unknown to most. An advantage because it would 've been unknown to the British officers if the contrecepted some correspondence. It was difficult to make and George Washington himself instructed his agents in the use of what was referred to as the "sympathetic stain," noting that the ink "will not only render. . .communications less exposed to detection, but relieve the fears of such persons as may be entrusted in its conveyance." Washington recommended the spies to use the ink, "on the blank leaves of a pamphlet. . . a common pocket book, or on the blank leaves at each end of registers, almanacks, or any publication or book of small value.” Another, more common way to use invisible ink in letter, was to write between the lines and the receiver would use heat in order to read the letter, but with the new ink you would need another chemical solution to see the message.
After the documents were released, NBC reporter Carl Stern filed several Freedom of Information Act requests and a lawsuit against the Justice Department and the FBI. Ultimately, Carl Stern obtained the documents and it was revealed to the American public that COINTELPRO was a series of counterintelligence operations aimed at “surveying, infiltrating, discrediting, and disrupting domestic political organizations.” This was the first major impact of the burglary, it led to the media gaining unrestricted access to FBI records. This was huge because now the media, government officials and the American public weren’t dependent on the FBI’s testimony about their programs, rather everyone could get a hands on, unbiased look into the intelligence operations that the FBI was
Ever since 1690, when the first paper money was issued by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, paper money has been constantly changing. Throughout the history of the United States paper money, the United States has gone through different types of currency. The different types of currency ranged from State Bank Notes to Gold Certificates to National Bank Notes to Silver Certificates to Federal Reserve Bank Notes, and now ending with Federal Reserve Notes. However, in the mean time counterfeit money had been gaining circulation and “thirty-six percent of the dollar value of known counterfeit currency passed in the U.S. was produced overseas, particularly in Colombia, Italy, Hong Kong, the Philippines and Bangkok” (Fun Facts About Money). In
On June 6, 2013, The Guardian published a story about the National Security Agency's (NSA) secret Internet surveillance program, PRISM (Greenwald and MacAskill 2013). The story was based on documents leaked by one of the most successful whistle-blowers in American history, former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. The documents that Snowden has released up to this time have shown the NSA to be heavily engaged in the collection of personal Internet activity, bulk collection of telephone "metadata," and other forms of surveillance that have brought U.S. intelligence practices into question.
With our nation’s tragedy of September 11, 2001, arose a deeply shaken America, shocked by the extent of the cruelty. An act of terrorism of that magnitude had never been seen before in our country. Patriots quickly came together, supporting the president to pass legislation, known as the USA Patriot Act, to tackle internal and external threats to this nation. The debate ensued, focused on which types of surveillance technology should or shouldn't be allowed for arresting terrorists. However, the question remains as to how these devices are going to be used, and how personally are those who use them held accountable. The purpose of this paper is to confirm that the proposed monitoring and archiving of users’ information on
The quest for privacy and security has always been a long and arduous one, as America’s citizens “no longer care” about the lack of integrity which the American government is showing towards its citizens (Sullivan). “When you have it, you don’t notice it. Only when it’s gone do you wish you’d done more to protect it.” Sullivan explains in Privacy under attack, but does anybody care?. After the National Security Agency was accused of “systematically collecting information” on citizens’ phone calls, emails, and countless other sources, “the news media treated it as a complete revelation” (Whitehead). People throughout the country protested and condemned the government—all while they failed to realize that we have consciously permitted the government to collect and secure our private information by “giving our personal information” to companies who ask for it, and by “allowing our personal lives to be posted on media sources such as Facebook and Twitter” (Washington). Ironically enough, we ourselves have
Described as a terrifying and eye-opening thriller, Citizenfour, a documentary directed by Laura Poitras, follows the case of Edward Snowden, a former CIA employee who revealed the truth behind the National Security Agency surveillance programs in the United States. Throughout the movie, we first-handedly experience the obstacles Poitras and Glenn Greenwald, a reporter for The Guardian, need to overcome, in order to share Snowden’s story and help him spread the information he leaked. Along those lines, the documentary begins with several encrypted emails received by Poitras from an anonymous sender nicknamed “Citizenfour” who later turns out to be Snowden. A few months later, Poitras and Greenwald partner up and meet Snowden in Hong Kong, where
Thomas Andrew Drake, a man who was a former senior executive of U.S. NSA (National Security Agency), a decorated United States Air Force And Navy veteran and a whistleblower. In 2010, Thomas Andrew Drake was alleged with mishandling of documents, rarest of the Espionage act in the history of United States. Defenders of Drake claim that he was instead being prosecuted for challenging the trailblazer project. In 2001, exactly on the day of 9/11 he was appointed as the Signals Intelligence Directorate in Fort Meade, Maryland when he joined the NSA as a full-time employee. He later progressed to higher levels in the organization to a level where he held a top security clearance. During the investigation which was dwelled into the 9/11 by congress, he was testified NSA failure.
Edward Snowden’s disclosures about the National Intelligence Agency surveillance extension is some of the most comprehensive news in recent history. It has incited a ferocious debate over national security and information privacy. As the U.S government deliberates various reform proposals, arguments continue on whether Snowden is a hero or a traitor (Simcox, 2015).
Ever since the American public was made aware of the United States government’s surveillance policies, it has been a hotly debated issue across the nation. In 2013, it was revealed that the NSA had, for some time, been collecting data on American citizens, in terms of everything from their Internet history to their phone records. When the story broke, it was a huge talking point, not only across the country, but also throughout the world. The man who introduced Americans to this idea was Edward Snowden.
In early 2013 a man by the name of Edward Joseph Snowden began leaking classified National Security Agency (NSA) documents to media outlets, which in turn ended up in public ears. These documents, mainly involving intelligence Snowden acquired while working as an NSA contractor, are mostly related to global surveillance programs run by the NSA. This has raised multiple ethical issues ranging from national security, information privacy and the ethics behind whistleblowing in general. The reach and impact of these leaks have gone global and have put in question the very government that protects us as well as the extent of the public’s rights on privacy. Various foreign