Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( HIV )

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that infects the cells of human immune system, causing destruction and impairing the cellular functions. Progressive deterioration of the immune system at cellular level causes associated infection to undermine the immune system putting the patient at risk of opportunistic infections. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the most advanced stage of HIV. AIDS is caused when HIV related cancers hit the immune system by 20 or more opportunistic infections. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) by the end of 2016, 36.7 million people (30.8-42.9 million) were living with HIV globally. Approximately 0.8% (0.7%-0.9%) adults between the age group of 18-45 were living with HIV and 76%…show more content…
In pregnant females, transmission of HIV from mother to placenta and through breastfeeding is quite common. Also, in the advanced stages of an epidemic, the new infections affected unproportionable to the lower income group, unskilled workers, and illiterates. Childhood illness and maternal morbidity and mortality are the most vulnerable groups deprived and despair in this vicious cycle.

The members of the executive board of WHO should understand that the strategy of “the 3 by 5 initiative” aims explicitly at the affected population of the world. With greater fund gaps and reduction in mortality ratios for countries like Brazil and not Africa says a lot. Involvement of private organizations and NGO’s helps funding the richer country with better results but the expenses of poor countries like Africa still suffer for a loss. Strengthening of the strategy would help by reducing the funding gaps, concentrate on the low income and low socioeconomic status people. Provide more of preventive care at the primary stage with the withdrawal of stigma related to HIV/AIDS. Educating and mandating checkups for better prevention and diagnosis of mental health care.

HIV/AIDS is one of the greatest health concern faced by the world in the health care today. Currently, there is no cure available for HIV, also, the vaccines viable
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