Human Immunodeficiency Virus : The World 's Most Serious Health Challenges

2292 WordsDec 3, 201410 Pages
Human Immunodeficiency Virus has become one of the world’s most serious health challenges. Human Immunodeficiency Virus can be defined as an epidemic and is one of the leading causes of death for women of reproductive age worldwide. Each year there are more women affected with HIV and many of those women are bearing children. As of 2012, three world renown AIDS organizations have published a global statistics of HIV and AIDS epidemic estimating that at least 34 million people have been affected by HIV and of the 34 million, 3.8 million are children living with HIV. UNAIDS, WHO, and UNICEF are the three organizations that have come together to send aide and awareness to HIV-positive women and their children throughout the world known as…show more content…
As human immunodeficiency virus affects millions each year, many civilians are without help and treatment. Poverty is one of the underlying issues of why the treatment is scarce. The United Nations Population Fund wrote that “many impoverished girls and women vulnerable to exploitation, including trafficking, early marriage, and selling sex. Many see sex work as one of the few options available to support themselves” (“Poverty and AIDS” n.pag.). Countries affected by poverty have limited income, which means limited employment. Many women and young girls sell their bodies in exchange for money and contract different infections and viruses. In Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, HIV is significantly and rapidly increasing by each year. United Nation reports that “women’s educational attainment, work patterns, income levels, access to and control of resources and social roles – all have considerable impact on their health and the well-being of their children, in general, and on their reproductive health, practice of family planning and involvement in fertility decisions, in particular” (“Poverty and AIDS” n.pag.). In some developing nations such as Africa and parts of India, poverty and gender discrimination is the leading cause that affects women and young girls to not have a well-rounded education which could lead to a better life and job. Cultures have a high preference for sons to have an educated life, which will provide him to seek jobs to
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