Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Controversy : Susan Le

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Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Controversy
Susan Le
California State University, Sacramento

Abstract
Human Papillomavirus is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease that is believed to be the precursor of several cancers, especially cervical cancer. Researchers have developed a couple of vaccines believed to prevent several strains of the virus. Much controversy has surrounded the birth of this vaccine because law makers want to make the vaccine mandatory for school -aged children. The public is outraged and therefore the controversy regarding the use of the vaccine is growing. However, there are many studies showing that the vaccine is safe to use and that it has been effective in lowering the rate of cervical cancer. The goal of this paper is to discuss different viewpoints in regards to the vaccine.

What is Human Papillomavirus Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a double -stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) virus that only infects humans with an attraction to both cutaneous and mucosal surfaces such as the cervix, anus, tonsil, and oropharynx (Clark, 2013). HPV is a type of oncogenic virus that goes into the cells and can cause several diseases. Over the years, research has surfaced connecting genital HPV to several types of cancer. There are over a hundred strains of HPV but the most high risk strains, 16 and 18, have been shown to cause vulvar, vaginal, anal, and the most concerning, cervical cancer (Chan, Ng, & Wong, 2012). Genital HPV

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