Juliet Elenwo Article #3 Group Topic 26th April, 2016 Comparing the Antiswelling and Analgesic Effects of Three Different Ice Pack Therapy Durations: A Randomized Controlled Trial on Cases with Soft Tissue Injuries The purpose of examine and explore the analgesic and anti-swelling effects of three different ice pack therapy durations on injuries on soft tissue along with the discomfort of the patients. Notoriously, ice packs have been used as treatment for soft tissue injuries, but no studies have been done to show which ice therapy is the most effective and has lasting duration. Cryotherapy is a method used frequently in all clinical settings to manage sprains, strains, swelling acquired during sport injuries. Very little study has been done on the discomfort triggered by ice packs, hence this study focuses on exploring the anti-swelling, analgesic, and discomfort of different ice packs in order to propose an ideal ice pack therapy. Random block assignments were used to assign 99 participants; 33 in each group randomly during 10, 20, and 30 minute intervals. Participants …show more content…
Study results show that 10 minutes application of ice pack therapy can dramatically drop skin temperature while reliving pain and swelling in the participants. However, increasing the time duration of the ice pack therapy doesn’t prolong the effect of the various areas; along with discomfort and numbness not increasing, it is probable that increasing ice pack therapy for greater than 30 minutes, discomfort and numbness could arise. Due to the limitation on time, in the future the study should follow up 2-3 days after the ice therapy session so record subsequent changes in swelling, pain numbness or discomfort. Also a measurement on the temperature recover and pain reoccurrence would be able to establish an optimal recommended time duration for the ice therapy application
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A total of 59 participants took part in this experiment. They were split into two independent experimental groups, one being the control group, and the other the experimental group. There were 30 participants in the control group, and 29 participants in the experimental group. The male to female ratio was fairly equal with
In a laboratory study of sleep deprivation, researchers employed a variety of techniques to keep volunteers awake for variable amounts of time. One group of participants was kept awake for 24 hours, and the other was kept awake for 48 hours. During periods of forced wakefulness, participants were required to engage verbal learning tasks such as memorizing the definitions of obscure English words. At the conclusion of the period of forced wakefulness, participants were allowed to sleep for as
The participation of Cold Water Immersion after a taxing training session or competition seems to be ritualistic in athletics. Cold water immersion, cold whirlpool therapy, and ice baths are all forms of cryotherapy; which is defined as “the application of a device or substance with a temperature less than body temperature, thus causing heat to pass from the body to the cryotherapy device.” (Knight and Draper, 2013, p. 229). Cold Water Immersion (CWI) is a form of recovery cryotherapy that involves submersing an individual’s affected limb or extremities into water that is less than that of body temperature.
The positions studied were the traditional, supine with upper extremities in anatomical position, and the modified version, supine with hands next to the head. Included in the study was the effect of pain after each treatment.1 A total of fifty subjects, ages 20 to 42, made up the population of the study. Of the fifty patients, 26 were women and 24 were men. Two randomly selected groups were created from the study population and separated. Both groups were given a treatment session of fifteen minutes, then seven days later, switched the form of traction to
An ice pack pressed behind the ears can offer immediate relief. If the patient can’t tolerate an ice pack, a rolled hand towel filled with ice cubes is a good alternative.
Standard WBC procedures leads to restoration of motor functions and heal nerve damage. At the Olympic Rehabilitation Center of Spała in Poland in 2008, ten rugby players of the Italian National Team are subjected to the research study that has demonstrated that Whole Body Cryotherapy reduces sports haemolysis. By measuring hematological parameters of the athletes, the study concluded that cryotherapy prevents the physiological impairments derived from haemolysis, which is caused by the breakdown of red blood cells. Studies results has shown that cryotherapy for pain management treatments cause a significant reduction of pain related to rheumatoid diseases over a two month period. The surge of endorphins in the blood following cryogenic chamber sessions reduce muscle spasms and twitching. Blood tests indicate that the immediate analgesic effects of skin cooling last for weeks, suppressing heightened pain responses. Studies has shown that cold chamber therapy causes the lower skin temperature. That helps to increase pain threshold as well as actual pain symptoms by blocking the pain receptors. In the end, it breaks the connection between the
Of course, for any patient that has experienced an orthopedic injury, the immediate reduction of pain is imperative. In this instance, the standard prescription of RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) is useful. Massaging the plantar fascia with ice for 8 to 10 minutes a few times a day provides immediate though temporary pain relief (Laliberte). Athletes and runners in particular are eager to return to their activity as soon as possible but stressing the need for rest is required for healing. Non-weight bearing exercise that does not cause pain may be allowed but activity should be discontinued if it worsens the symptoms once again. Over-the-counter medications such as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), along with icing,
Imagine you sprained your leg and it hurts so bad you feel like you can’t even move, Imagine how amazing it would feel to get a cold pack put in your injury, Imagine the pleasure it would give you. I work for the Anaheim Ducks, I create cold packs to help with light injuries. I chose to use Potassium Chloride as my chemical since it had a major decrease than the Sodium Bicarbonate.
Using liquid nitrogen (LN2), housed in a Chart engineered Perma-Cyl, which eliminates the need for dangerous portable gas cylinders, the air in the chamber is cooled. The dry, painless cold only penetrates the top layer of skin of the person, who is exposed to the super cold air from the neck down. The cold environment triggers the brain to draw blood to the core of the body, producing ant-inflammatory proteins that is sent out to all extremities, which help accelerate the healing process. Participants report a sense of invigoration and euphoria following a cryotherapy session.
Along with obesity, cryotherapy has been used to treat a range of other health issues. For example, it has been used as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis in Japan since the 1980s. Famous athletes like Kobe Bryant, Cristiano Ronaldo and LeBron James have long used it to alleviate soreness. Its ability to relieve inflammation also make it a promising treatment for chronic pain. It may also be used to treat diabetes as cryotherapy can cause blood glucose to be burned to help with heating the body. In addition, it may also be valuable as a treatment for fatty liver disease.
Pain is considered a positive symptom. It prevents overuse of the traumatized area. Increased blood flow is caused by heat. In addition, swelling keeps the injured site immobile, but prolonged swelling can decrease the ability to move muscles (Hydrotherapy; Swelling). Anti-inflammatory drugs can decrease swelling and heat, but they also reduce pain. This lessening of pain can lead to over usage of the injured site causing further harm. Because of the extra fluids the blood vessels are put under pressure thus stalling the flow of blood and lymphocytes. A safe way to remove the excess fluids naturally is by using hot and cold; however, heat can prolong inflammation causing certain secondary tissue damage (“Hydrotherapy”). This is where hydrotherapy comes
Step 1 – Foundation: Cryokinetics is a combination of cold and exercise. The cold decreases pain so that the patient is able to move. Ice decreases muscle inhibition so that the patient can exercise. Therefore, exercise increases the amount of blood flow to the area, and allows for rebuilds functioning. Because of exercise, the stresses it produces develops fibers that help rebuild tissue. Advantages: Allows exercise much faster than normal, exercise delays atrophy, neuron inhibition, and reduces swelling. Ice is cheap while exercise is priceless. Disadvantages: The cold is painful during first immersion and its messy. Indications: Cryokinetics is most effective on ankle sprains. Contraindications: exercises can cause pain, hypersensitivity