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Ilustrative Case Study: The Five Methods Of Social Work

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5. Methods of Social Work:
The trainee used methods of social work such as case work and group work to interact with the children.
5.1. Case Work:
It is believed that case study was first introduced by Frederic Le Play in 1829. The popularity in case study in testing theory has developed in recent decades. A case study is a report about a person, group or situation that has been studied. They are produced by following a formal research method. There are three types of case studies: Linear, Process-oriented and Grounded. Under the generalized category of case study exists sub-divisions based on goals and objectives of the investigator. They are:
1. Illustrative case studies:
They are descriptive studies, they utilize one or more instants of
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There are four types of groups in social group work. They are long term groups, short term groups, closed groups and open groups. Group work helps to achieve the overall objectives of social work through its own unique objectives. They asses individuals in their maturation, they provide emotional and social nourishment, they promote participation and remedy individual and social maladjustment through group intervention strategies. The roots of contemporary group work are traced back to group education classes of tuberculosis patients conducted by Joseph Prat in 1906. Social group work later arose in the later years of the 19th century. They were a result of the problem brought about the civil war. Social group work made its debut in the national conference for Social Work in 1935. India has a long history of social work and social welfare. Group approach was used in charity. However the history of group work began with the founding with the first school of Social Work in 1936, the Sir Dorabji Tata Graduate School of Social Work in 1936.
The trainee conduced two group works; a recreational group work and an educational group work. There were a total of ten members in each group. The recreational group lasted for three sessions and the educational group work went on for five sessions. Both the educational group and recreational group was a heterogeneous closed group. In the recreational group work the trainee provided activities to help the members interact better with each other. Through the educational group work the trainee sought to help the members overcome problems concerning their
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