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Importance Of Women In Animal Science Of The 20th Century

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Haley Mae Danks
LB 333
Dr. R. Bellon
3/14/2016
Rough Draft: Importance of Women in Animal Science of the 20th Century Animal science is a field heavily associated with farmers, veterinarians, and other professions, but it is also a field that is heavily associated with men. Veterinary medicine has become a female dominated field over the past decade, but that hasn’t tipped the balance in other aspects of this field. When asked about farmers and animal researchers people begin to think about men, but this field features some incredibly intelligent and progressive women. Temple Grandin and Jane Goodall are two of the most well known and respected female animal scientists in the world. These women have dedicated their lives to animal science
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The world tends to react wildly when a new disease begins to spread rapidly through the population, but most often these diseases are zoonoses. If we were to focus more studies on diseases within animals and their potential to effect humans, we could prevent these outbreaks, like the Ebola virus epidemic in 2014. The outbreak, upon further investigation, is thought to have stemmed from a population of infected bats (WHO 2016). The issue is that most often our research is focused on diseases that have already proven to be a concern. This is founded in the fact that over 50% of 16,000 publications on disease within animal science were related to less than ten diseases in the past one hundred years (University of Sydney 2015). Research is difficult to fund when there is no public interest, therefore most time and money is spent researching the diseases that people have the desire to learn how to fix. This means things like the avian flu or bovine tuberculosis that are considered big issues within the human population gather huge amounts of funding, instead of lesser known diseases that have the potential to be transmittable to humans. This leaves the population vulnerable to sudden outbreaks of zoonoses that were previously unstudied or had underfunded research in…show more content…
Lise Meitner was a female nuclear physicist in the early 20th century. It was her work that led to the discovery of nuclear fission, or the splitting of atomic nuclei in two. Her status as a Jew in Austria during this time period made her research complicated, but with the help of her partner, Otto Hahn, she was able to complete the research and flesh out a theory. Hahn then omitted Meitner’s name from the publications to protect her from the Nazis and was later solely awarded the Nobel Prize in 1944 (Lee 2013). Due to her name being excluded from the initial papers Meitner was considered ineligible for the prize even though many colleagues, including Niels Bohr, believed it to be rightfully
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