Industrialization Of The Industrial Revolution

1332 WordsOct 12, 20176 Pages
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Industrial Revolution played an integral role in the development of today’s world. Railroads were forming, factories were mass producing goods, medicines were being created, and communication was on the rise. Looking back on this time period, we can see how important all of these developments really were. Mechanization played a major role in the Industrial Revolution as people began to apply reason to manufacturing. Humans were flawed and such machinery was not, therefore producing more goods at a much faster rate. The textile industry saw a huge change during the Industrial Revolution, coal became a huge commodity and the first steam engine was developed. Chemicals were being produced to die…show more content…
The conditions in which employees were working were also very hard. They worked long hours, were not allowed breaks and sometimes not given food. The factories were hot, and disease was quick to spread. Since it was more convenient for people to live near the factories in which they worked, these towns became over populated. In England and Wales, urban populations increased 40% from 1801-1891 (Unit 5). This helped to lead to more pollution. In 1873, 700 deaths were blamed on the smog in London. The textile industry was the first to see the extreme growth and change from the domestic system, where skilled workers worked out of their home, to unskilled laborers performing mundane factory work. Richard Arkwright patented his spinning frame in 1769 and then created the first true factory in Great Britain (Trueman). Before long, there were over 300 people employed. This was a vast change from the domestic system, where only two to three people worked in their home (Trueman). Now workers had set hours, usually long, and no longer enjoyed the flexibility of working from their homes. The factories grew very quickly as these new machines were being invented. The power loom, invented by Edmund Cartwright, saw the end of skilled weavers. They were now forced to become laborers in factories, as their skills were replaced by machines. From 1813 to 1850, the power loom grew from 2,400
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