Since the dawn of human civilization, there have been governments. As a species, we have always attempted to efficiently and systematically maintain order. However it is not uncommon for those same governments to turn on the people it protects, as evidenced by the countless tyrants and authoritarian regimes that plague our history. When studying the complex subject of a free or oppressive government, it is rather interesting to look at the stark contrasts between how both of these organizations handle protests against their rules or laws. The authoritarian regime holds absolute power, meaning that nearly any form of complaint against their actions will be met with disregard, or even punishment. However in a free society in which the government must answer to the people, protests are the language of the discontent, signifying to a representative government that change is needed.
It is through protest that the government is able to recognize what the people believe. Without this there would be no changes, no reconsideration, and no progress.
American politics has evolved significantly over the years. The election this year involves a lot of controversies. Donald Trump has come out as a controversial candidate. The 2016 election involves competition between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. Apart from the federal government of the United States of America, each state has its own form of government that runs the affairs of the state independently.
In order for women to be taken seriously the NWP’s leaders Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, who were the party’s main leaders, produced many creative forms of campaigning for the public. The first idea that they developed was on March 3, 1913, and was an organized parade in Washington D.C, purposely the day before President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration. Washington was filled with visitors due to this occasion so it was a perfect opportunity. The parade consisted of about eight thousand willing women marching onto Pennsylvania Avenue convincing bystanders to take consideration. They wore sashes and banners, one of the banners in the march said, “WE DEMAND AN AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION ENFRANCHISING WOMEN” (Behring). These demanding banners angered the people, men began to hang outside their windows and come out of their cars to yell at the women which turned into a violent riot. Many women were injured and police officers didn’t bother to protect the women or stop the riot, it looked more like they were enforcing the situation. This caused the super
To this day the women’s suffrage movement ignites women in the present to keep those right burning. Alice Paul and her fellow women suffrages demonstrated through speeches, lobbying and petitioning Congressional Committees, with parades, picketing and demonstrations, and with arrest that lead to imprisonment. These women express courage that women still uphold for years after their legacy has passed on, such as the article “Women’s Strike for Equality,” by Linda Napikoski, in the demonstration that was held on August 26, 1970 on the 50th anniversary of women’s suffrage. As well as an article “Women to Protest For Equality Today,” by United Press that talks about on the eve of the 50th anniversary of the women’s suffrage and “declared war on firms that Damage the Image,” of the fair sex. Alice Paul, set the stage for inspiring women to fight for their rights everywhere across the world.
At first, the suffragist seemed very peaceful, and weak. But because the women suffragists were not getting the result they wanted, they began to become very disruptive to the people around them, especially focusing on the president. The women wanted to picket in front of the White House, in order to intimidate the president and get their point across. They wanted to seem powerful and strong, not peaceful and weak. The more they picketed, the more disruptive the women would be to President Wilson and the public. Soon, the picketers became extremely disruptive and were charged with “obstructing traffic” ("President Woodrow Wilson Picketed by Women Suffragists."). They were forced into jail when they refused to pay the fines. But even after they were jailed, they continued their fight from inside the jail. Picketing made the biggest change in Wilson’s opinion towards women’s suffrage, because it was specifically directed specifically at him.
Social movements typically concern institutions that serve explicit and implicit purposes, including “perpetuation of cultural norms, value maintenance, policy making, and enforcement of statutes and doctrines”. The significance of this is that institutions frame situations to their benefit by definitions and interpretations. Protesters challenge this definitional authority by offering counter frames that portray institutions negatively. In attempt to sustain power, credibility, and legitimacy, institutions will implement four strategies when responding to these challenges: evasion, counter-persuasion, coercive persuasion, and adjustment. For example, during the Selma to Montgomery marches law enforcement institutions strategically used the evasion strategy in order to place a frame that the social movements do not exist and that their preexisting laws were constitutional. During this time the government and media did not acknowledge black Americans as equals let alone citizens of the United States. Thus, were seen as unworthy of institutional response. The institutional strategy, counter-persuasion, deals with the notion of “challenge a social movement’s vision of reality and attempt to discredit its leaders, members, and demands”. During the Selma to Montgomery marches, ideas were framed as “ill advised, poorly informed, and lacking merit”. This then relates to the third strategy, coercive persuasion, where there was an “enhancing of fear appeals or a method to resist change due to the appeal to basic fear”. Coercive persuasion is formed in order to persuade target audiences that force will follow non-compliance. For example, law enforcement institutions of the Selma to Montgomery marches threatened protesters through fear that if they participated in any uncivil uproar that they would be incarcerated or
The way the country has come together to help fight for the rights of black people due to the killings. Along with the injustice black people have been receiving from society, individuals, government and people in authority.
One of her first tasks was to organize a group of protestors. This was a troublesome assignment because many women were too fearful to participate, and the men did not want women to gain more power. Many girls were hesitant to join because they had heard stories of women who were badly beaten and verbally assaulted for joining the movement (“National Woman’s Party”). In fact, “Some women were arrested under false charges,” (“National Woman’s Party”). Despite these truths, Alice Paul was still able to secure women protestors. Together they formed an organization called the Silent Sentinels (Mendoza). This group of women protested the White House and held hunger strikes (Mendoza). On these hunger strikes women refused to eat until their demands were met. In most cases, the government dealt with the hunger strikes by force-feeding them (Zahniser, J.D.). Yet, more and more women began to join Alice Paul’s group. Through all of the challenges Alice Paul faced, she proved that she was a strong person willing to fight for what was right. Even after gaining supporters, she continued to expand her
Many women were involved with supported the war effort by selling war bonds, becoming propaganda images for war, organizing patriotic rallies, working in war production jobs, etc. (Foner 741, Schwartz 2/16/16). The National Women’s Party’s leader, Alice Paul, was a huge influence for women suffrage. Her tactics were extreme, Paul would adopt strategies that included arrests, imprisonments, and bold statements that condemned male-dominated political systems (Foner 741). Paul and her followers would often protest in front of the white house, one of their signs saying “Mr. President how much long must women wait for liberty.” (Schwartz 2/2/16). Women’s patriotic service and the extreme protests organized by Alice Paul and her followers eventually pushed the administration to support women suffrage (Foner 741). On August 1920, the 19th amendment was ratified, stating that “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied…on account of sex,” a solid victory for progressive women throughout the nation (Schwartz
Women had to used many different tactics such as picketing and performing hunger strike to earn the right to vote in the Woman’s Suffrage Movement. To begin with, the tactic of picketing at the White House deemed successful. Women from the National Women’s Party picketed from dawn to dusk everyday and held banners that notioned to the wrongdoing of President Wilson. Even though NASWA did not approve of this Lucy Burns and Alice Paul made sure that they did had people picketing everyday. The woman showed how little that President Wilson was doing to be able for women to have the right to vote. The women stood out in front of the White House everyday no matter the weather, if it was raining, sleeting, or snowing they were out there. The women
In conclusion, the National Women’s Party is still alive today and although it is small, it is still a strong organization. What we can learn from this organization is that you should keep fighting for what you believe in like these women from the National Women’s Party did. They wanted to have the right to vote just like men can, in order to accomplish this they picketed the White House until they got on the Woodrow Wilson’s nerves and decided to put a stop to them by having spectators attack them both physically and verbally. Then the police decided to arrest them on the charges of abstracting traffic. When that did not work, the police decided to arrest their leader Alice Paul. After five weeks, Alice Paul was released but by then newspapers had been published throughout the country telling their story and what they want to accomplish, many Americans were angered about what they were doing to the National Women’s Party and thus gained more support from various people who had read
Women used many different methods to earn the right to vote in the Women’s Suffrage Movement. A method Alice Paul set up to help the problem publicly noticed was she held a parade in Washington D.C. on the day President Woodrow Wilson arrived from his inauguration. there were large crowds at the parade but most of them were drunk men (not good). On all of the tons of floats they had there were hundreds of women helping marching. A lot of the crowd yelled in anger and threw bottles at the women and attacked them. At the parade there were police but none of them cared and let everyone attack the women. There ended up being 100 women in the parade hospitalized. Newspaper reporters made an article about the parade taking the womens’ side. Another
Women used many different methods to earn the right to vote in the women's suffrage movement. One of the methods they used were is they made a parade in Washington D.C . Hundreds of people came to the parade.Some men came and many men were drinking in the crowds. This drinking lead to violence. The men would push the many of the girls off their floats. The crowd gave them a lot of insults and would attack the women. The police did not do anything but watch and walk away. 100 of the girls were injured at the parade.The two method they used was they picketed the white house. The women stood outside the white house from dawn to dusk. They wanted a constitutional amendment made. They held up banners that would quote pres. Wilson. Alice would
Social movements shed light to social issues present in communities and harvest social change in political, religious, educational, health, government, and other institutional matters. Social movements give individuals a clear outlet to concerns about the rights and well-being of themselves and others, mostly through public protest and conversation, in order to promote social justice and democracy. Throughout history, humans naturally ended up starting movements to simply improve their way of life and movements have continually aided in a remarkable change in communities. In the essay “From Civil Rights to Megachurches,” Charles Duhigg explains the three critical steps that initiative successful social movements. Social movements must