Instructive Text Types

11631 WordsSep 22, 201347 Pages
Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………..……. Chapter 1.Text and text type: definitions and classifications……………………. Text types……………………………………………………………... 1.2 Beaugrande and Dressler’s typology………………………………..… 1.3 Longacre’s classification…………………………………………..….. 1.4 Werlich’s textual typology……………………………………….….... 1.5 Biber’s text type………………………………………………………. Chapter 2.Text Forms………………………………………………………….... 2.1 The descriptive text form…………………………………………….... 2.2 The narrative text form………………………………………………… 2.3 The expository text form………………………………………...…….. 2.4 The argumentative text form…………………………………………… 2.5 The instructive text form…show more content…
There are two types of classification of text structure and they are: normal and expressive text. We can speak of normal text structuring when the encoder establishes coherence and completion in a text by complying with the conventional textual presuppositions of a linear progression from a beginning through middle to an end. In the expressive text structuring the encoder deviates from the conventional textual presuppositions of a linear progression from a beginning through middle to an end. Rene Dirven believes that texts are the basic units of communicative language use, and he identifies six conditions that have to be found in texts: * Coherence is created when a thematic base is expanded in ordered and completed sequences of linguistic units. Here the base is descriptive and the sequences are fundamentally functional and topical. * Completion is created by introducing elements that indicate the beginning and end of one or more of the sequences established by coherence. Initiation and termination can be functional and topical. The functional initiators are the indefinite article (a, some) and adverbials (firstly to begin with). Topical initiators depend on textual presuppositions and become impossible to list because they depend on the encoder’s choice. * Communicative aims; *
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