Jean Piaget

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Jean Piaget was a theorist who studied child development; one of the many aspects of early childhood Piaget studied was preoperational thinking. Preoperational thinking usually occurs from ages 2 through 7 according to Piaget. It’s when a child is not able to think logically and perform activities that require logic. In other words, a child is not yet ready at this stage, to reason many situations. Piaget created many experiments that could help educators observe and detect the stages and levels of thinking of different children. For this observation, I focused on four aspects of preoperational thinking; conservation, centration, irreversible thinking, and focus on appearance. Piaget developed a set of tests for children that if failed,…show more content…
The next experiment covers the concept of centration. Centration is also referred to as egocentrism. This concept is literally being egocentric. A child at this stage only understands their own perception and point of view of things. “Centration is the tendency to focus on one aspect of the situation to the exclusion of others.” (Berger, 2009, p. 250) In this experiment I placed a doll facing Breanna and I, and a block behind the doll. I asked Breanna what it was that she saw placed on the table, and she answered “ A doll and a block”, then I asked her, “Can the doll see the block?” Breanna said, “No, she cant see the block because she’s facing us. She needs to turn around if she wants to look at the block.” Breanna is past the stage of being egocentric. As she gets older, she is able to understand different point of views. Understanding conservation means understanding that the amount of a substance is conserved even if its shape changes. Piaget said children began to understand this around age 6 and 7. “According to Piaget, until children grasp the concept of conservation at about age 6 or 7, they cannot understand that the transformations shown here do not change the total amount..” (Berger, 2009, p. 251) This next experiment is done to demonstrate understanding or lack of

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