Jeremy Bentham And Utilitarianism

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Jeremy Bentham was an English philosophy (1748-1632) who challenged the idea of the Social Contract theory, which states that the people create a social contract to agree to form of government. Bentham opposed the idea of natural rights and followed the idea of utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the idea that political and moral decision should not be based on natural rights, but based on which choice produces the “greatest good for the greatest number”. For an example, this principle explains whether a student should start a food fight or not. The food fight could cause injuries (i.e someone slipping on food), property damage, and extra work for the people who must clean it up. Starting the food fight may produce good for some people, but …show more content…

The only way to fix this would be through a classless society. In this society, there would be no churches, and no one would have to pay for their personal properties. Money would basically be none existent, as people will contribute to the things they want. In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx writes “Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society: all that it does is to deprive home of the power to subjugate the labor of others by means of such appropriation” (Caste 265). Under this classless society “communism”, everyone would be on equal grounds with no more classes. Everyone would also be given the necessities they need to live, such as a home. By doing this, Marx thought it would eliminate capitalism, which would eliminate the greediness of people. Comparison As stated earlier, utilitarianism is the idea that political and moral decisions should be not be based on the pursuit of natural rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness), but based on the decision of which choice would produce the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. In other words, one should not be selfish when it comes to making decisions. That is what utilitarianism and Marx’s classless society has in common. Marx’s classless society is also trying to eliminate the greediness of society, which is a form of selfishness. Both philosophies are ultimately trying to better society in their own way, but both are trying to eliminate the

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