preview

Jeremy Bentham Principles Of Utilitarianism

Decent Essays
Jeremy Bentham was born in Houndsditch, London on 15 February 1748. He was the eldest son of
Alicia Whitehorn, née Grove, who on 3 October 1745 had entered into he second marriage with
Jeremiah Bentham, a successful practitioner in the Court of Chancery. Six further children were born, of whom only the youngest, Samuel, born in 1757, survived beyond infancy. Death was never far away and on 6 January 1759, when Jeremy was ten years old, he lost his mother. By 1755 he was considered robust enough to go to Westminster School. It was in 1769 that Bentham found a purpose for his life. All the pieces of the jigsaw suddenly came into place. His later reflections on this period of his life reveal an exposure to a very different literature from the
…show more content…
Bentham brought together various elements from these thinkers to construct his version of the principle of UTILITY.

UTILITARIANISM:
Jeremy Bentham was a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law and one of the founders of utilitarianism. He developed this idea of a utility and a utilitarian calculus in the Introduction to the
Principles of Morals and Legislation (1781).In the beginning of that work Bentham wrote: “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne.
They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think: every effort we can make to throw off our subjection, will serve but to demonstrate and confirm it.
Bentham believed that pain and pleasure not only explain our actions but also help us define what is good and moral. He believed that this foundation could provide a basis for social, legal, and moral reform in society. To determine whether an action is moral you merely have to calculate the good
Get Access