Kant 's Moral Theory And Ethics

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In the late 18th century one of the most influential philosophers by the name of Immanuel Kant introduced the third major ethical philosophy, Deontology. The basis behind Deontology is that people are duty bound to act morally by certain standards despite the outcome. Determining whether a person’s actions are morally right involves look at the intent of the actions. Like other ethic theories, Deontologist applies the golden rule of treating other people the way you would want them to treat you. Deontology can be broken down into three different theories: agent-centered, patient centered, and contractualist. Each branch of Deontology can be traced back in some way to Immanuel Kant. Can Deontology be applied to today’s society?…show more content…
When you start checking her out, you notice that several of the clothes are mismarked and are cheaper than what is listed. You could not say anything and gain immense pleasure in charging her a lot more than what the clothes should be sold as or you can be the big person, inform the woman about the price difference and charge her the correct price. Which one should you do? Have a sense of revenge and a laugh later or do the right thing? The categorical imperative says that you be the bigger person because it is your duty. No matter what pleasure you may gain from the action, duty is most important. Do not treat others the way you would not want to be treated. Act the way you would want anyone else to act if the positions were reversed. We as humans have the ability to have a good will. The choice to choose which to follow: the moral duty/good or our own desires and wishes. The first of the Deontology theories is the agent-centered theory. Agent-centered is about a person’s rights and duties. People are responsible for making sure that their actions are morally right and do not interfere with obligations. With agent-centered, we are supposed to perform actions even if we know that the outcome would be better if we decided to ignore our obligations and principles. Agent-centered theories define obligation as “an obligation for a particular agent to take or refrain from taking some action” (Alexander, Larry and Moore, Michael).
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