Language Is Important For Survival

1000 WordsJun 6, 20164 Pages
Introduction Language is important for survival. Everyone needs it to communicate with one another and understand them. Without language, one can survive but it would be a lonely one. Language can be broken up into two parts: literal and non-literal. Literal language means the original meaning behind the words for example: ‘I am happy’. Whereas non-literal language means the figurative meaning behind the words for example: ‘It’s raining cats and dogs’ which means it’s raining very heavily. A long-lasting argument revolves around the question to what extent figurative language processing is different qualitatively from literal language processing (e.g., Coulson, 2006). Early clinical experiments with aphasic and brain-damaged patients suggested that despite the well-established LH language dominance in most right-handed people the RH is essential for understanding metaphors as well as for their esthetic categorization (Winner & Gardner, 1977). A TMS-study also reported a causal relationship between activity of the right posterior temporal sulcus (pSTS) and the interpretation of novel metaphors (Pobric, Mashal, Faust, & Lavidor, 2008). Though the others did not find selective RH activations for non-literal language (Boulenger, Hauk, & Pulvermüller, 2009; Mashal, Faust, Hendler, & Jung-Beeman, 2009; Rapp, Leube, Erb, Grodd, & Kircher, 2004; Rapp, Leube, Erb, Grodd, & Kircher, 2007; Lee & Dapretto, 2006). Some studies with patients who suffered from unilateral brain damage
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