Leadership And The Life Cycle Of A Group . A Group Is A

969 Words4 Pages
Leadership and the Life Cycle of a Group
A group is a living thing, developing over time and adapting to the environment and expectations imposed upon it as it grows. When observed carefully, a pattern of distinct phases emerge in this growth process. It is important to recognize and take advantage of these various stages of development in order to maximize group effectiveness and efficiency. There are several different models for small group development, but Tuckman 's model is "probably the most famous sequential-stage theory" (Johnson & Johnson, 2016, p.27). This paper will discuss the five stages of group development according to Tuckman 's model as well as some practical leadership guidelines that will help a group remain effective
…show more content…
Of great value at this stage is encouragement and patience. The reason for the conflict is generally insecurity (Bonebright, 2010, p. 114), so providing a strong support system an reassurance can help move a group to the next phase.
As members of the group begin to feel safe and secure, the conflict will settle and the group will develop a bond and unified goals. Labeled a period of norming, it is "characterized by close relationships and cohesiveness" (Group Development, 2003). In fact, this stage is so characterized by relationship that it could almost be viewed as a honeymoon phase. Group members will frequently set aside differences and unity becomes a priority. It is important at this stage to emphasize honesty and creativity because the group will likely be trying so hard to be amenable that some members may hold back. Others will be ready to open up given their newfound sense of security within the group. This is also a critical time for the group because it typically delineates a time to commit (Johnson & Johnson, 2016). If a group reaches this stage and not all members are on board, it may hinder progress.
Once a group has developed cohesiveness, it will truly begin to produce. This phase of effectiveness is titled performing according to Tuckman 's model. At this stage, the group is a "problem-solving instrument", capable of working through obstacles and accomplishing goals (Bonebright, 2010, p. 114). Is it not uncommon for groups
Get Access