Learning Styles and the Brain

1645 Words Jul 15th, 2018 7 Pages
How Did You Know That?!Learning Styles and the Brain

Although most commonly framed in academic contexts, learning style lies at the foundation of individual identity and development. Learning, "the process of acquiring knowledge about the world" (1) and learning style, "...the sum of the patterns of how individuals develop habitual ways of responding to experience" (2) reflect an array of attitudes, emotional responses, preferences and habits. It is the basis of how we interact with, process and are subsequently affected by inputs from our environment. In addition to providing a general overview of learning styles, this paper makes the claim that distinctions resulting from these models support the existence of the I-function.

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Interestingly, it is also proposed that when presented with a dual learning goal, the individuals' memory capacity is overloaded, thereby preventing rule learning.

Another distinction that arises from the dissociated implicit vs. explicit model is the notion that learning occurs both with and without awareness. "One system is explicit and conscious, involving the limbic and neocortex parts of the brain ... (whereas) implicit memory can be received, stored, and recovered without the participation of the limbic system and outside the conscious awareness of the individual...(and) provide an array of non-conscious ways to respond to the world." (3) Implicit learning encompasses procedural knowledge (skills and habits), category-level knowledge (the ability to classify information based on natural categories and the implicit acquisition of rules often found in grammar), conditioning (learning a simple conditioned response, best understood in relation to emotions such as fear) and priming (the facilitated ability to identify or make judgments about target stimuli as a consequence of recent exposure to them. (3) It encompasses activities and attitudes that an individual can do or feel, but cannot explain. Alternatively, explicit learning is characterized as an active process in which people seek out the
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