Legislations for English Language Learners

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English language acquisition (Massachusetts Department of Education, 2003). In the program, all books and nearly all teaching would be in English, with the curriculum designed for children learning English. Schools are encouraged to group students by English proficiency. Once a student is able to do regular schoolwork in English, the student would be transferred to an English language mainstream classroom. Long before Question 2, federal laws have impacted the education of English language learners. Until the Civil Rights Act of 1964, minority students were educated in “sink or swim” English immersion classes. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin. ELLs were not offered much support in their English learning. Four years later, English language learners were specifically addressed in Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1968, also known as The Bilingual Education Act, which established federal policy for bilingual education to allocate funds for innovative programs, and recognized the unique educational disadvantages faced by non-English speaking students. Between 1978 and 1994, there were several amendments to Title VII: ● 1978: emphasized the strictly transitional nature of native language instruction, expanded eligibility to students who are limited English proficient (LEP), and permitted enrollment of English-speaking students in bilingual programs ●

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