Liberal Peace Essay

Decent Essays
“The global reach of liberalism will inevitably lead to peace and security for all” what are the grounds for this argument?
Liberalism is a theory of international relations with a view point that human is born good and free.
In this question will require a discussion on the Democratic Peace Theory which was emphasised after the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union. The main argument was that democratic states tend not to fight other democratic states. This theory has been associated largely with writings of Michael Doyle and Bruce Russet. Early authors like Immanuel Kant also foreshadowed the theory of peace between liberal democracies in his essay “Perpetual Peace” written in 1795. The idea that
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If it is wrong for an individual within a state to commit a crime against another individual so does it applies to democratic nations. It is wrong for one democratic nation to wage war against another democratic nation. This idea was also developed in Kant’s argument about the league of peace or pacific federation (Foedus Pacificum) This idea of peace is based on all human beings which stand in an ethical relationship to one another. For Kant’s “this league of does not seek any power of sort possessed by any nation, but only the maintenance and security of each nation’s own freedom “. Doyle will later expand on this proposition that liberal states have a unique ability and willingness to establish peaceful relations among themselves.

The second key assumption of liberalism on which peace and security can be achieved is the practice of free trade among nations. The mercantilist period of history is linked to the rise of the modern nations in Europe. This period could be described as the time which nations were focused narrowly on gaining wealth and discouraging imports. The mercantilist policies included restrictions on import and development of colonial empires. Mercantilist view was that of the Louis XIV’s finance Minister, Jean Baptist Colbert who said “trade is a source of finance and finance is the vital nerve of war” According Carr “the aim of mercantilism was not to promote the welfare of the community and its members but to augment the power of
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