Life After Death and Philosophical Ideals

3354 WordsNov 10, 200814 Pages
Running head: VIEWS OF THE AFTERLIFE IN GREECE How Views of the Afterlife in Greece 3000-323 B.C.E. Affected Their Psychological Ideals Throughout human history, ideas about the afterlife have shaped the psychological ideals of the societies that come into contact with them. Though some might argue that it is science, specifically, that has shaped our way of life beyond all else, this is too narrow an idea because science has only recently become a part of many people’s daily lives. Beliefs about the afterlife have shaped the psychological ideals of whole societies as well as altering the daily lives of the individuals within them. Greece will be examined from the beginning of the Bronze Age in…show more content…
This meant, in short, that the answers human beings needed could be found without religion. This was the break-away point between science and the stories that make up religion. F.B. Artz, in The Mind of the Middle Ages (1980), writes about how Xenophanes of Colophon pointed out the human characteristics of the gods and about how Pythagoras of Samos created the concept of the proof as a reason to believe a claim or a connection between ideas. This came at a time when a person of political power within a community could still sentence someone to death by saying one or more gods had left him (and it was always a him) some manner of instructions to do so. This made the afterlife in general a more pleasing goal, as the gods that lived there could no longer be seen as cruel for no reason. Two other important theoretical ideas would come from this time of early scientific discovery and would have implications, to this day, and aid people who want to hold onto the idea that their religion exists and that the afterlife is achievable. First, Parmenides of Elea would posit that everything is unchanging and that all that is meant to be will be and is unchangeable (Clark, 1992). People who believed in a creator then, as well as those who do today, take this philosophy in hand when they say common phrases such as “Everything happens for a reason.” and “Everything in God’s time.” Though Parmenides was not

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