Listening During A Rehearsal And Performance

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Listening during a rehearsal to detect errors and interpret musical details is an essential skill when teaching instrumental music. Conductors must correct note and rhythmic errors while also making artistic decisions about dynamics, style, articulations, and other musical elements. Teaching students to create characteristic tone quality, balance, and blend adds to the complexity of these musical elements. Score study is one way directors establish an internal aural image, later attempting to recreate this picture in rehearsal and performance. Ideally, score study helps create a mental sound image or “musical landscape” (Battisti & Garofalo 1990, p. 3). Directors may often find that teaching students to evaluate mistakes and self-correct is a difficult task. One of the goals of an effective rehearsal is error detection and correction. Many studies have researched the characteristics of teachers effective in this area of practice (Brand & Burnsed, 1981; Cavitt, 2003; Crowe, 1996; Forsythe & Woods, 1983; Waggoner, 2011). In a descriptive study, Cavitt (2003) found several traits that were common among educators with strong error detection skills. These included (a) persistence in correcting the problem, (b) repetition, (c) brief talking and modeling, (d) modeling occurred frequently, (e) high rates of specific feedback, (f) identifying the problem before rehearsal, and (g) error practiced in a variety of contexts. Directors who have the full ensemble perform more often

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