Literature Review On Bullying

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Introduction Bullying is a term everyone is familiar with. In a study done by StopBullying.gov, approximately 49% of children in 4th-12th grade reported having been bullied by other students at school at least once during the past month (stopbullying.gov, 2017). Bullying can happen to children or to adults; however, bullying most often occurs to middle school students. Bullying can happen inside of the school, on school grounds, at extra-curricular activities, on the school bus, and so on. Although between 1 in 4 and 1 in 3 U.S. students say they have been bullied in school, only 20-30% of bullying was reported to an adult (stopbullying.gov, 2017). Physical, Verbal, Social or Relational, and Cyberbullying Williams and colleagues (2017) discuss the different forms of bullying such as physical, verbal, social or relational, and cyber bullying. The article has subtopics such as bullying based on gender, the mental health effects of bullying, bullying victimization, and suicide attempts. The gender section provides insight on how differences based on one’s gender have changed over the years. There is no concrete evidence about the differences in bullying based on whether one is male or female. However, Williams suggests from research that males tend to be involved in the more verbal and physical bullying and females more social and relational bullying. Both genders are prone to being bullied via cyber bullying (Williams, S. G., Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J., Wornell, C., &
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