The sacred city of Machu Picchu (in Quechua: old mountain) is the greatest Inca masterpiece. Incredibly daring and inventive, it was built on the most difficult, wild and inaccessible mountain area available. It is known world-wide not only for its impressive and unique ruins, but also for its unusual location on the edge of an abyss, from which one can appreciate the vigorous waters of the Urubamba river.
I wonder how the Incas were able to carry the huge blocks of stone to the top of the mountain and build such a spectacular exponent of their wisdom and culture remains a mystery to this day.
Of religious and military origin, the sacred city of Machu Picchu was enclosed by a 6-meter high by 1.8 wide wall. According …show more content…
The premises were organized in “neighborhoods”, each with its specific functions are determined by their formal characteristics and the cultural clues found during excavations, such as the area used as a storehouse for corn or coca, which were grown on the terraces. A different area stands out because of the large number of mortars there (16), which were probably used to make chichi (an alcoholic drink made from fermented maize), this still being a popular drink in Andean religious festivities. A third sector includes the residences used by local people to carry out specialized productive activities, religious worship or the administration of agricultural products.
Some premises are remarkable for the exquisite and delicately worked of the walls, comparable to the fine buildings existing in the Cusco, such as the Coricancha or the Acllachuasi. These were, possibly, the most important buildings in the area.
The premises encircle two minor squares and a big public square in the middle of the urban sector. There are also several buildings which evidently served a ceremonial function. Among the most outstanding sites we can mention the “Templo de las Tres Ventanas” (Three-windowed Temple) and the Intihuatana (5), a stone carved specifically to carry out astronomic observations. I also observed here a complex of sanitary and fountain system. It is undeniable that the harmony projected by Machu Picchu through its holy spaces and
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Machu Picchu is one of the great Wonders of the World and a popular travel destination. The massive 15th century Inca citadel is located in Peru, sitting over 2,000-metres above the sea level. The mysterious structures have tickled our imagination ever since it was brought to the world’s attention in 1911.
Starting it off with what made Machu Picchu so amazing, was the type of stone it was built with. The building was made out of granite ashlars, was 79 acres wide and long, and was 7,800 feet above sea level on the Peruvian Andes. Manchu Picchu was the most beautiful urban creation of the Inca Empire, with its giant walls, terraces, and ramps. It is also standing 2,430 m
High in the Andean mountain range, nestled on a ridge between two mountains high above the valley floor below sits the amazing city and archaeological site of Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu is about 1400 kilometers south of the Equator on the eastern slope of the Peruvian Andes. The site lies near the head waters of the Amazon River and is on the ridge between two prominent mountain peaks – Machu Picchu and Hauyna Picchu – about 500 meters above the valley bottom (Wright and Kenneth, 2-3). Machu Picchu, believed to be the royal estate of the Inca ruler Pachacuti, is the most well-known of all the Inca archaeological sites. Professor Hiram Bingham discovered the site in July of 1911 and excavated it with the help of National Geographic and
First, the Incas were both master builders and stonemasons, and they created and constructed many useful and beautiful buildings, roadways, and walls. The Incas built the site of Machu Picchu in Peru, and its, "City buildings and terraces ... are of the best quality", and, they are still standing today (3). This shows that the Incas were a very sophisticated society who solved their agricultural problems and provided shelter for their people. Also, this indicates that the Incas were very conscious about the quality of their buildings. In addition, the Incas were also superior wall builders because, “ Using bronze chisels and stone hammers they fitted
The only written accounts of the Inca were composed by outsiders, its myths and culture passed to generations by storytellers. Little bits and pieces of its existence were mainly found in the ruins of cities and Temples. In 1911 archaeologist Hiram Bingham discovered the 15th century mountaintop citadel of Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu’s magnificent stone structures reflecting the power of this Pre-Colombian
“Machu Picchu is a world renowned archaeological site,” stated “Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.” Machu Picchu has many buildings that are connected to it or even as far as 60 miles away. Many people have explored Machu Picchu, but one specific person found things that led to more questions. Machu Picchu is in the middle of mountains with two different ecosystems on both sides.Machu Picchu has many mysteries some that no one will ever know the answer to, and others that have already been figured out.
Machu Picchu brings the atmosphere of a castle and makes people feel like they’re in history. Machu Picchu has “outstanding cultural and natural values” according to Duane Damon. The history is filled with mind blowing artifacts. Machu Picchu's most significant value has to be the nature surrounding it.It is in the most beaiutiful place in the world. The fact that machu Picchu is the most significant tangible legacy of the Inca civilization is jaw dropping. Tourists need to understand the significance and values machu Picchu has to
Along with developing their economy, the Inca also achieved highly developed forms of art such as weaving techniques, pottery, music and architecture. One of the best examples for their architectural achievement is Machu Picchu (“Who were the Incas”, 2017). Machu Picchu was built by the Pachacuti, the emperor at the time. He built the city as a way to seal his conquest. The Incas were skilled in warfare and they built the magnificent city of Machu Picchu for others to see from the tops and bottoms of hills. The city was a form of Inca power and it still stands strong today (“Who were the Incas”, 2017). The Inca highly evolved throughout the years and it is shown in their art and architecture.
The second theory was that it was the city of the Inca Wiraqocha, eighth king of Cusco. The Incas new the true personality of the King: that he was cruel and favoured the rich. When he died, his youngest son ordered his city, Machu Picchu, to be abandoned. His people agreed and the city was gradually covered in vegetation, not to be seen until the 1900’s.
It was rediscovered in 1911 but was built in sometime in 15th century, it has the stunning ruins of Machu Picchu that were thought to be an estate for the Incan emperor. Cuzco is the gateway to Machu Picchu and it is a city with the magnificent architecture, impressive ruins and rich in art and culture. It is known for one of the most attractive and inspirational cities of Peru. Usually the tourists spend two to three days in these cities exploring the heritage and the interesting features. Sacsay huaman fortress is another worth seeing historic object.
Strolling in Cusco streets, lanes, or small towns, seeing the ancient Inca's stone architectures, Spanish style houses, it demonstrates a mixed culture, history of the native indigenous, Inca civilization and Spanish invasion.
As mentioned above, this exhibition covers lots of stuffs, for instance, the myth of the God who created the Inca Empire, the artifacts and building from ones used in the religious rituals in the Inca era to ones remained in todays and the descriptions of 4 regions that the Inca Empire ruled and was vital places to maintain the Inca power. All these materials show the greatness and the power of the Empire which still have influenced on the people in Andes even after the conquest of Spaniards and the symbol of this dynamic Empire is The Qhapaq Ñan. The great road connects Cusco to the four regions called Tawantinsuyu consisting of diverse four environments: desert, mountain, rainforest and
One of the most interesting things talked about during lecture was the Incan archeological site Machu Picchu. I believe that Machu Picchu stands out because of its mysterious and interesting aspects and its existence was unknown for many centuries. Scientists believe that it was originally built as a religious retreat or a temple for high priests due to the skeletal finds, a majority being women and children, but there are still many theories about why they built this extraordinary site. Machu Picchu is considered, by many, one of “the world’s most important archeological sites (Destination360).” It was built sometime in the 1400s and was not rediscovered until almost 500 years later in the early 1900s because they had hid it so well. Even during their conquer, the Spanish were never able to find it (Destination360). Machu
Machu Picchu is a physical symbol of the culture that created it. It is located in the Andes Mountains in Peru, South America, high above the Urubamba River Canyon Cloud Forest. The Incan capital, Cuzco, the closest major city, is forty three miles northwest of this landmark. Machu Picchu is five square miles and eighteen square kilometers in size. This ancient civilization has an altitude of eight thousand feet and is surrounded by towering green mountains. Although covered in dense bush, it had many agricultural terraces that were sufficient enough to feed the population. Due to water from the natural springs as well as the agricultural terraces, it had the ability to be self-contained. Machu Picchu was created by the Inca culture for