The final major difference between cultures has to do with their economic system. There are three worldviews on how we make money: dependent, independent, and interdependent. In an agricultural economy or dependent worldview, there is a great discrepancy between the peasant class and the elite ruling class. The masses are more reliant on family and village groups, and they believe putting the group first is beneficial for society as a whole. The downfall is that because of the oppression of the ruling class, people lack personal choice to make their own decisions and chase their dreams. Next is an industrial economy or independent worldview. Because a society is more manufacturing-based, success in the workplace is what’s needed. People are more in control of their own lives, put their own goals first, are more competitive, demand equality, take risks, and use a direct communication style. It provides for greater personal power and freedom, but can leave others behind in the desire to succeed. Rounding out the economic systems is a post-industrial economy or interdependent worldview. This is best described as a mix of the previous two economies. On the surface, some values and customs seem similar to a dependent worldview, that is, people work together to achieve greater good for the company and society as a whole. But they are aware of their individuality and independence. They aren’t dependent on the group for survival, but choose to team up and work with others to have
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This paper shows cultural differences between Iranians, Chinese and Indians in business negotiations based on interviews with three businessmen: an American citizen who set up a general trading company in China, an Iranian Canadian citizen who has a trading company in Iran, and an Indian America who set up a business in India. The interview questions focused on cultural elements based on Hofstede’s research: power distance, low-high context, and general business behavior in these countries.
A variety of key cultural differences shape the behaviors and attitudes within both the United States and Japan. Key cultural differences as defined by the Hofstede model, such an individualistic society versus a collective society, short term orientation versus long term orientation, as well as direct communication style versus indirect communication style. This paper will focus on the key cultural difference within business communication styles of both. Then, it will conclude with analyzing any adjustments that would need to be made in order to conduct business in Japan.
The readings and video showed the similarities and differences of the threes cultures. King Tut, The Emperor of China, and The Lords of Sipan all had strong feelings of the afterlife. Their cultures all felt that you don’t stop existing once you are dead. They all felt that you continue to live in the afterlife with all their possessions. Women, men, animals, and children were buried along with the tombs of the leaders. Sacrifices were made as well to certain animals and prisoners as part of the burial rituals. Burials of our leaders today in America is completely different, American families don’t even put half of the work when it comes to burring an American leader. They pay funeral homes to do all the work for them. Which is a bit similar
For my sociology project, I decided to compare and contrast my husband and I cultures. In doing so I discovered we shared many cultural norms and tradition although there was some noticeable difference in terms of how our communities are run within our defined societies. My husband hails from a small country on the coast of West Africa named Sierra Leone. That’s a huge contrast from the Hmong people who don’t have a land to call home. Our people through centuries of prosecution have scatted throughout Asia and America with the vast majority still residing in our ancestral land of China. Despite this, however, Hmong people like the people of Sierra Leone continue to possess a strong sense of identity and culture. Often Hmong communities in the United State take on a specific identity, not unlike American Indians reservation or other sub-cultural community in The United State. Conversely, although the people of Sierra Leone have a nation filled with rich tradition and culture but continue to be inundated by a western culture which could be having an adverse effect. Ultimately our discussion highlights that both of our people ultimately want to move forward as one to a better and prosper future.
You beat me to an email! I was actually going to write you today to let you know I'm home and will most likely go to visit KIPP once class resume, and wanted to see if you were going to be around on a specific day there to see if I was able to see you. It makes me happy that you had me in your thoughts as well. I would love to have a chat with you about Bates and my first semester, I will be here until January 10th (which is the day I leave). I love that you have started this group so students don't lose sight of where they come from and how important our difference in our cultures contribute to what America is and has been. I would love to participate in the group, however, I noticed your first session is January 13th, making it 3 days after
collectivism. Individualistic cultures place the majority of their value on personal independence, while collectivistic cultures, according to Neuliep, “groups bind and mutually obligate individuals,” (Neuliep, 2015, p. 51). Individualist cultures tend to value the self-made man and value standing out from the crowd as an individual. Having the ability to make up there own mind is heavily valued and a key characteristic. Collectivists are oriented to believe that the group comes first and everything that is accomplished is done so for the good of the group. Typically family is a heavy influence in collectivist cultures. Direct confrontation is heavily avoided as well. The goal of collectivist cultures is to promote and achieve harmony throughout the
The similarities and differences between cultures and societies is what makes the world like it is today. Cultures developed independently, but as time went on and communication technology evolved, people began to share their culture’s ideas on religion, political philosophy, and medicinal practices. Cultures started to feed off of and evolve from one another, as highlighted in the similarities in ideals across the world. Not all countries adopted the same ideas though, as evident by the many differences in cultures. These similarities and differences are the very foundation of how we think and learn.
The values and beliefs of different cultures in the healthcare setting are fundamental in providing adequate patient care. Knowing the specifics of your patient’s culture is necessary when completing the nursing process. It is important for the healthcare provider to understand the Indian culture, how they communicate, their spiritual beliefs, specific nutritional preferences, and health risks they face.
A very clear difference has emerged between different societies. This goes beyond the varying dress, food, and laws that are in difference cultures. It also penetrates the mindset of the people. In some cultures, such as China, there is a different brain pattern known as collectivism. In a study done by Zhu and Others (2007), participants used a different part of the brain to think about their mothers (Meyers ___, 42). Simply put, collectivism is a society where family or a society comes before any individual. Naturally, how one values him or herself, or self-esteem, is directly related to the group that person belongs to (Meyers ____, 43). On the other hand, individualism is where one person thinks of him or herself before others
On the individualist side we see cultures in which the knots between individuals are free and thin: everyone has to look after him/herself and his/her own family. On the collectivist side there are cultures in which people from the very birth are belong to strong, coherent in-groups, often large families (with uncles, aunts, cousins and grandparents) that tend to secure them in exchange for unconditional loyalty, and oppose other in-groups.
Sometimes cultural difference between countries can cause a negative impact when conducting free market businesses. According to the textual evidence, economic advancement and globalization may be important factors in society change. The culture of societies may also change as they become richer because economic progress affects a number of other factors, which in turn influence culture.
Countless cultures can be compared and contrasted by their prime values and beliefs. Individuals are influenced by how they communicate with each other and present themselves by their different backgrounds. The eastern and western cultures share many important and unique ways in which they communicate. “The world in which you were born is just one model of reality. Other cultures are not failed attempts at being like you. They are unique manifestations of the human spirit.” was once echoed by Wade Davis, who is a renowned author. To elaborate, we might all look different by the way we dress, present ourselves, communicate, and have different descendants, and those are not the things that make us who really are; but the factors that make us
The three divergent cultures I chose to write and compare are 1) Individualistic versus collectivist. 2) Masculine versus Feminism. 3) Materialism versus Relationships.
For this essay I will be focusing in on the three different economic system,which are known as centrally planned economy, mixed economy, and market economy. I will also be explaining why internationalizing firms should be aware of the differences between all three economic systems and what roles should the government be taking in the free market systems. Before I begin defining the different economic systems I would like to first explain what an economic system is. Every country differs in what economic system is being used. An economic system is a system of producing goods and the exchange of goods and services. An economic systems also includes a process which is used to allocate its assets. Culture can have a big impact because of a country 's economy. Just as a country 's economy state differs from country to country so does its culture. Why does it have an effect on a country 's culture we ask? The difference between having an individualist or a collectivist culture is where we see it. In an individualist culture we see more people being rewarded then we see in a collectivist culture. Being rewarded with things such as low tax rates which inspires them to continue with their activities of their culture.
The cultural differences can cause some problems when people is communicating especially between Eastern and Western culture because those two cultures are usually considered completely opposite and the differences that cause the problems can be the different levels of dignity, different life style and something. And those differences are mainly caused by different sentiment depends on how they were taught which is more value and what they were seeing while they were growing up.