Maslow 's Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

2488 WordsNov 1, 201610 Pages
Introduction – Understanding Motivation To appreciate what motivates employees in the work place what must first be considered is what motivation actually is. Once this is understood then employers can look at where money comes into to play and how or whether it may be used as a tool in motivating employees. So what is motivation? Motivation consists of the “biological, emotional, social and cotgnitive forces” Cherry, K, (2016) Motivation: Psychological Factors That Guide Behaviour. Very Well. 16 June. Available Online: [https://www.verywell.com/what-is-motivation-2795378] that stimulate a behaviour or more simply why one carries out an action. At the centre of this essay will be Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (1943, 1954)) and its application to other theories of motivation such as those of Herzberg, Mayo and Warner. Frederick Herzberg Theory of Motivation in relation to Maslow’s Triangle Over the course of the 1950s and 60s Frederick Herzberg carried out research into what motivated employees in the workplace. The results of these studies were unexpected and confuse employers even to this day. What was uncovered, inter-alia, was a sub-standard work environment could make employees miserable to the point of demotivating them, but rectifying these so called “hygiene” factors would not necessarily reverse the effects. The way to motivate an employee was to give them interesting, challenging work that felt meaningful enough to instil a sense of responsibility. What

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