Identifying an unknown substance can be accomplished with the use of multiple scientific tests, which help narrow down the possibilities of the unknown compound. The unknown substance that I was given was unknown number A84841BIR, and posed to be a real challenge since I needed to test two different molecular combinations for this specific substance. Once the number of moles in substance was calculated using the ideal gas law, I divided it from the sample mass number after heating and obtained that the molarity of my unknown chemical was 58.93 g/mol. To find my molecular formula I calculated the mass of each element, then the moles, lastly I took the smallest whole-number ratio. Using the molarity calculated I was able to do some research to get a better understanding about what my unknown chemical could possibly be. Once I’ve collected all my data together and strenuously researched the web for articles relating to understanding Infa-Red spectroscopy, I should be able to make an educated guess upon what my unknown solution could be.
The purpose of this lab was to identify unknown substances using density. We had three unknown substances; a yellow liquid and two metal rods. For each substance we measured volume using the water displacement method in a graduated cylinder and mass using a triple beam balance. Then we calculated density using the formula density (g/cm3)= mass (g)/volume (cm3). The data we collected in the lab is in the table below. After comparing our data with the density chart we were able to determine the identities of the substances. The liquid was cooking oil and the rods 1 and 2 were copper and aluminium, respectively. In conclusion, density - a characteristic property- is important because even though many substances may look the same but have different
With a yearlong project in my master degree, I studied enzyme (catalase) kinetics (by spectrophotometric analysis) in response to the activation/inactivation of MAP (mitogen-activated protein) kinase pathway of a plant pathogenic fungus (Botrytis cinerea). I am also familiar with different protein purification and characterisation methods including UV-VIS spectroscopy, SDS-PAGE, HPLC and mass-spectroscopy. I performed mass-spectroscopic analysis of isotopic composition of plant-leaf materials in one of my PhD experiment.
The Relative Formula Mass of an Unknown Acid Table of contents 1.1 Aim of the experiment
Using the direct weighing and weighing by difference methods to find weight and mass of chemicals and compounds.
6. The mass number is equal to an atom’s number of protons and neutrons added together.
Scientists use an instrument called a spectrometer to quantitatively determine the amount of light absorbed by a solution. The primary inner parts of a typical spectrometer are described below. The spectrometer has a light source that emits white light containing a vast mixture of different wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation. The wavelength of interest is then selected using a monochromator (“mono” meaning one and “chromate” meaning color) and an additional exit slit. The separation of white light into different colors (wavelengths) is known as diffraction. The selected light then reaches the sample and depending on how the light interacts with the chemical compound of interest, some of the light is absorbed and some passes straight through. By comparing the amount of light entering the sample (P0) with the amount of light reaching the detector (P), the spectrometer is able to tell how much light is absorbed by the sample.
Unknown white compound (823U) was discovered in the lab. In order to dispose of it correctly, the substance and its physical and chemical properties had to be identified. The unknown white compound was one of a list of 15 compounds. 5g of the unknown compound were given in order to correctly identify and discover its physical and chemical properties. In order to do so, a solubility test, a flame test, and ion tests were conducted. From the results of these initial tests and the given list of compounds, the unknown white compound was thought to be composed of sodium and a halide (I-, Br-, or Cl-). Of the list, NaCl was the appropriate compound, however NaC2H3O3 was also tested out of skepticism. To verify the identity of the substance, the solubility and flame tests were performed again along with a pH test. The pH tests of NaCl and NaC2H3O2 did not match that of the unknown white compound. The list of compounds had been entirely ruled out. The identity of the unknown white compound was revealed to be calcium chloride. To synthesize at least a gram (calculated to produce 1.2g) of CaCl2, the following reaction was completed.
Using elemental analysis to determine the percent mass composition of each element in a compound is the first step in creating an empirical formula. There are many different types of elemental analysis, but in this experiment gravitational analysis and Beer’s Law are used. Elemental analysis is first used to find the moles of each element, then converted to mass, and then the percent mass of the element in the product is found (2).
The primary goal of this laboratory is to correctly identify an unknown substance. To achieve this task, one may use various tests that reveal both chemical and physical properties of a substance. By comparing the results of a known substance and the unknown substance, one may eliminate alternative possibilities and more accurately predict the undisclosed compound. Furthermore, by performing these tests, data can be collected and verified regarding chemical and physical properties of the unknown. Understanding the chemical properties of a known substance aids one’s understanding of the unknown based on comparative analysis of the results of the tests.
The purpose of this experiment is to verify the formula of magnesium oxide based on the masses of magnesium and the product (MgO). We verify the formula firstly by calculating the empirical formula of magnesium oxide and then calculating creating the magnesium oxide itself- a magnesium ribbon is combined with oxygen in the presence of air through combustion and this forms MgO. The empirical formula of a compound is the simplest method of expressing a chemical formula in whole-number ratios of the constituent atoms that are consistent with masses measured in the experiment; whereas the molecular formula expresses the chemical formula using the actual number of atoms. For example, the molecular formula of anthracene is C14H10 while the empirical formula is C7H5.
The objective of this lab was to use qualitative and quantitative measurements and observations to properly identify, and then confirm the identity of an unknown compound. After identification, the compound would have to be synthesized, in our case, through an acid-base reaction, followed by confirming its identity with the original unknown compound.
The molar mass, the number of moles in the sample, and the number of representative particles in the sample were also recorded.
By Using specific methods of compounds detection, we can match an unknown compound with a known compound because similar compounds will display similar characteristics. In this experiment, identifications of the unknown ketone was accomplished using thin layer chromatography, melting point, and NMR spectrometry. Thin layer chromatography is very quick but sensitive way of determining the components of a mixture or a specific compound from a list of knowns. This method is the one which was utilized in the
What is mass spectrometry? According to the website premierbiosoft.com mass spectrometry is a capable scientific procedure used to evaluate known materials, to distinguish obscure mixes inside an example, and to illustrate the structure and substance properties of various molecules. The entire procedure includes the change of the example into vaporous particles, with or without fracture, which are then described by their mass to charge proportions (m/z) and relative abundances. This is basically a technique that study the effect of ionizing energy on molecules.