Medication Errors And The Efficiency Of Medication Administration

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McComas, Riingenm and Kim (2014), conducted a study that investigated the occurrence of medication errors and the efficiency of medication administration following the implementing an eMAR system. The study was conducted in an appropriate setting and all observed nurses volunteered for the study. Before implementing the eMARs mandatory class were provided and nurses were evaluated for competency. Data was collected by observation and nurses were randomly followed throughout a medication pass. Collected data consisted of medication errors, distractions during medication pass and amount of time spent administering medications.
The results of this study was that the percentage of medication errors decreased following the implementation of eMARs. Although medication errors were decreased, the authors found that the eMAR system decreased efficiency and disturbed workflow. The authors state that factors such as missing medications, preparing medication at the bedside, and distractions contributed to this and are factors that can be improved. The author’s identified the presence of several limitation in the study. The use of one individual to collect data created a possibility of bias and the observation of nurses may have affected the behaviors of the nurse. Also, the authors state that the study was not a cause and effect study and was only conducted on one unit which decreased the generalizability of the study. According the hierarchy of evidence for intervention studies, this

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