Traumatic brain injury is a serious harm to the brain which happens after a blow or jolt to the head. Also it causes wide-ranging spectrum of symptoms and disabilities. Suffering from TBI is not only an impact on the individual but it can also be devastating to the individual’s family. TBI can occur after experiencing a traumatic event or situation such as, accident, fall, violence, etc. There are three types of common symptoms for TBI for example, Physical, cognitive, and emotional. The symptoms for TBI and PTSD are really similar and because of similarities in both, it can be difficult to understand what the fundamental complication is. Furthermore, individuals with TBI are more likely to develop PTSD in the long run. Since there were many things the women was forgetting about while telling her story, it could have been due to TBI. When telling her story she couldn’t stay calm,” she cries
Mental health concerns such as PTSD, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), and Depression can affect any man or woman and even their families too. These concerns can lead to substance abuse and even suicide. PTSD and/or TBI can cause flashbacks, fear, insomnia, nightmares, self-destructive behavior, and social isolation. All of these troubling diseases, and more, can cause a
This study uses secondary research in order to make connections between ideas and concepts that can illuminate the topic. Through search of databases and online book resources, the development of a rich foundation of resources can help to explore the subject matter. Using keywords to define the search, the literature can be used in order to determine how connections can be made between PTSD and TBI. Once the literature was accumulated and reviewed, the information from those works was put into context with the research questions and concepts were developed by creating connections between those works. This essay will therefore focus on the existing body of knowledge that has addressed the concepts of PTSD in details. Specifically, I would draw a keen and focused comparison or analysis between the effects of brain damage and the consequences or effects of PTSD, the level of damage and mitigative roles to combat the situation.
Traumatic brain injury is any damage caused to the brain. Individuals with TBI may show aphasia-like symptoms, yet the characteristics of TBI include mostly cognitive processes deficits. Those characteristics include disrupt orientation, attention, memory, visual processing, and executive functions problems. Penitents with TBI experience a blackout that can last anywhere between a few minutes up to months and usually wake up confused and disoriented. They do not have any recollection of the events that occurred. In addition to the common characteristics mentioned earlier, TBI patients exhibit communication deficits that relate to poor cognitive functioning such as problems with word finding, grammatical, spelling, reading, and writing. The cause of TBI is very straightforward, unlike SLI or ASD. Any injury to the head, for example motor vehicle accidents, falls, blast trauma, and more, can cause a TBI. These in turn can cause damage to multiple areas of the brain and impair motor, speech, language, and cognitive functions as discussed. It is important to note that unlike ASD that usually
Unfortunately, TBI and inmates is not a well-established area of study. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2007), mild TBI is found within 25% to 87% of inmates. One such that looked at prevalence was done by Diamond, Harzke, Magaletta, Cummins, and Frankowski (2007) where the researchers looked at Minnesota male state prisoners and assessed them using the Traumatic Brain Injury Questionnaire. What the authors found
“Every war has its signature wound. In World War I it was poison gas damaged lungs. In World War II it was radiation that caused cancer. In Vietnam in was Agent Orange that caused neurological damage and skin disorders; and for the Iraq and Afghanistan Conflicts it is TBI. Since August 2007, when screening for TBI, 83% of wounded troops were diagnosed with TBI, the largest group being 21 year-olds.”(Driscoll) In recent events and in the news, PTSD and TBI is getting more and more
2012.). These symptoms are a result of trauma to the lobes that are responsible for an individual’s speech, coordination, memory, and motor control. Each brain structure is vital in how an individual functions and perceives the world; when this structure is damaged, even temporarily, the functions of the structures are delayed. However, long-term issues from damage to the brain are extensively detrimental its function. While some may experience impulsivity, violent behavior, emotional/social withdrawal, and memory issues, others may experience language disturbances and sensory disorders (“Psychological Sequelae: Postconcussion, Frontal and Temporal Lobe Syndromes”. 2012.). These long term issues are commonly due to the persistent damage to the frontal and temporal parts of the
Concussions and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder are highly dangerous but for different reasons. Concussions and PTSD are caused by different situations, affect the body in different ways, and have differing side effects. New evidence shows that physical contact to head (Concussions) can make people more likely to develop brain disorders like post Traumatic stress disorder. Posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD) is a widely known and a very serious mental health problem that can be developed after witnessing or being involved in a stressful, life-threatening event. There are many different ways people can develop different types of PTSD, perhaps the most common cases are with our military men and women.Brutal and severe Deaths occur frequently in the military causing severe mental trauma. This trauma can lead to flashbacks, stress and many other negative brain functions.
The term “Psychological trauma” refers to damage wrought from a traumatic event, which that damages one’s ability to cope with stressors. “Trauma” is commonly defined as an exposure to a situation in which a person is confronted with an event that involves actual or threatened death or serious injury, or a threat to self or others’ physical well-being (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Specific types of client trauma frequently encountered by which therapists and other mental health workers frequently encounter in a clinical setting include sexual abuse, physical , or sexual assault, natural disasters such as earthquakes or tsunamis, domestic violence, and school or/and work related violence (James & Gilliland, 2001). Traumatic
I believe many of the serious mental illnesses (SMIs) that people develop over their lifetime are a result of some sort of trauma that happened either as children or young adults. There are even consumers who come through our agency looking for services, who have been licensed therapists, doctors, or lawyers, but have hit a mental health breaking point, because of the vicarious trauma they have developed over their career.
The novel “Purple Heartby Patricia McCormick takes on a serious subject, and entertains the reader as well. The novel creates a scenario in which a young man, whose name is Matt Duffy, gets traumatic brain injury from an rpg hitting the wall next to him. One is also able to infer the fact that Matt has post traumatic stress disorder, from the fact that the memory of the death of a child named Ali haunts him. Just as well, the text states “You may notice that many of the symptoms that follow a TBI overlap with the common reactions after trauma. Because TBI is caused by trauma and there is symptom overlap, it can be hard to tell what the underlying problem is. In addition, many people who get a TBI also develop PTSD.” The text states that traumatic brain injury and PTSD not only have similar characteristics, but most people that get TBI also get PTSD! Just as well, the text states “Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) often coexist because brain injuries are often sustained in traumatic experiences.” This repeats the previous text, in saying that both coexist.
The disabilities that result from moderate to severe TBI differ depending on the area of injury, but they may include difficulties in speech, coordination, bilateral function, memory, complex thinking, and other areas (Murrey, 2006). Emotional and social areas are also affected by TBI due to changes in familial roles, lowered self-esteem, and hopelessness brought on by the injury (Murrey, 2006). Because of this, suicide rates in these patients are remarkably high, with 33% of patients at risk (León-Carriòn et al., 2005). Recovery in TBI patients may occur spontaneously throughout the two years following the trauma (León-Carrión et al., 2005). Beyond this point, remaining disabilities are usually permanent (León-Carrión et al., 2005).