Metabolism

641 WordsMay 30, 20163 Pages
Metabolism Western Governors University Aston Portis 1. All enzymes are catalyst because they cause a chemical reaction to take place faster than it would on its own. It also does not get used during the reaction (Hudon-Miller, 2012). 2. (Hudon-Miller, 2012). 3. (Hudon-Miller, 2012). 4. Fructose is component of sucrose, normal table sugar, along with glucose. Whereas glucose is able to immediately enter into glycolysis, fructose is not. Fructose is broken down via fructokinase into fructose- 1-phosphate. Fructose – 1-phospate then gets converted into DHAP+ glyceraldehyde via aldolase B. DHAP+ glyceraldehyde is used in glycolysis to produce pyruvate that goes into the citric acid cycle to produce ATP…show more content…
Lactate is then converted back into glucose by the liver. The liver is using an aerobic reaction to produce ATP. It takes 6 ATP from the liver during the cori cycle to produce 2 ATP for the muscle cells. Cells would not be able to survive long in a single muscle cell because it does not have the liver to produce more ATP and to convert lactate back into glucose (Hudon-Miller, 2012). 7. (Sanders,J. 2015). 8. A deficiency of succinyl CoA synthase can cause a decrease in the production of ATP. The decrease in ATP is seen the substrate level phosphorylation of converting succinyl CoA succinate This would cause the cycle to become acidic due to the buildup of lactic acid. If the cycle continued it would not be functional due to the acid. There would also be a decreased production of ATP in the mitochondria. NADH and Carbon Dioxide would also be decreased. ATP would be decreased because of the deficiency of succinyl CoA synthase. The conversion of succinyl CoA to succinate, which is catalyze and act on by succinyl CoA synthase an associated production of ATP occurs (Sanders,J. 2015). 9. The movement of electrons form the proton gradient, the electron transport chain pumps Hydrogen plus from the matrix to the intermembrane space. This causes more protons outside than inside. The first and third complexes of the electron transport chain move the protons through the membrane. The first complex in the electron transport chain pumps

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