Miranda K. Walker. An Analysis Of The Exert For Environmental

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Miranda K. Walker An Analysis of the Exert for Environmental Justice in Ecuador

Introduction Ecuador’s quest for environmental justice, subsequent to oil extraction, is a noxious consequence of colonialism. Through principles and the aftermath of colonialism, a dependence on resource extraction has proven detrimental to Ecuador’s indigenous population, only profiting a select few. This very act demonstrates a need for ecological democracy, a demand for the just treatment of the indigenous, and an inherent disfunction of capitalism. These conditions have nurtured, and validated, the idea of a resource curse; as resource-rich Ecuador is “worse off” than countries without commodities like oil. Specifically, this …show more content…

In the early 17th century, there were around 500 Spanish estates in Ecuador—where Native Ecuadorians were enslaved. The Spaniards profited the most off of Ecuador’s coastal economy, revolved around shipping and trade. This was until the fall of the Ecuadorian economy in the 18th century, attributed to the expulsion of the Jesuits by King Charles III of Spain—as missions were abandoned. Between 1700 and 1800, textile production dropped around 50-75%. As a result, Ecuador’s diminished into ruins, and even its elite fell into poverty. During the end of the colonial era, Spain’s Bourbon monarchs developed a new approach to promote colonial development. Once Charles III declared a decree of free trade, thus expanding the number of ports in South America that were permitted to trade amongst themselves or with any port in Spain from six to twenty-four, the region’s economy bettered. However, it would never fully recover from the fall of the textile industry. In 1976, after a Texaco Gulf consortium discovered mass amount of oil in the Oriente, the construction of a 312-mile-long pipe line was commissioned. The pipe line was gradually transferred to state ownership during the 1970s and 1980s, and for the first time in Ecuador’s history, from its new ability to tax private foreign petroleum companies, the government had its own economic independence and source of revenue, and created free market policies, dubbing neoliberalism. Its economic growth

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