Models amd Stages of Memory Essay

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In order to understand what memory is one can start by understanding the opposite of it which is known as the condition named amnesia. Amnesia is the incapability and failure to recollect information which previously was stored in ones memory (Evans, 1979). If that is the case then memory must be the capability to process information in order to recollect it as data remains maintained (Maltin, 2005). Ideally psychologists have believes that memory consist of three aspects, these basic stages collaborate when an event is recalled. These stages which are being outline are the encoding, storage and retrieval stages of memory (Ghoneim, 2001). The three stages work in turns in order to collect information and situate it together to create the …show more content…
In order to understand what memory is one can start by understanding the opposite of it which is known as the condition named amnesia. Amnesia is the incapability and failure to recollect information which previously was stored in ones memory (Evans, 1979). If that is the case then memory must be the capability to process information in order to recollect it as data remains maintained (Maltin, 2005). Ideally psychologists have believes that memory consist of three aspects, these basic stages collaborate when an event is recalled. These stages which are being outline are the encoding, storage and retrieval stages of memory (Ghoneim, 2001). The three stages work in turns in order to collect information and situate it together to create the process of memorising (Denes& Pizzamiglio, 1999).

One interesting model of memory created by Atkinson and Shiffrin(1968) known as the multi store model which is also known as a dual process model involves three memory stores types identified as the; sensory memory, short term memory (STM) and the long term memory (LTM)if information is rehearsed as it is believe to be necessary for retention.
A model which especially argues the importance of rehearsal is the one by psychologist named Craik and Lockhart (1972). Their model of memory known as the levels of processing model explains that contrasting the multi store model this model carries a non-structured approach. This idea was shaped due to an effect of the criticism levelled at the