Motion Picture History

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Before World War I, films were being made mostly European countries and in Japan. When the war interrupted European filmmaking, however, the American film industry began to dominate the world market. In the years between 1917 and 1927 the silent film reached the peak of its development. United States had the largest film industry and American films dominated the international market. Germany and Japan still had some movie industries but mostly left to domestic. Many nations found film production as a matter of importance to national culture, sometimes by limiting on film imports. D. W. Griffith transformed early day of domestic production to an era of Hollywood's worldwide dominance. Major companies that dominated Hollywood were Fox,…show more content…
Lee De Forest, who exhibited brief sound films to the public in 1923, pioneered both of these developments. Although the public failed to respond to De Forest's sound films, electronics manufacturers continued to experiment with both sound on film and phonograph discs synchronized with film. In 1926, Warner Brothers released a program using synchronized discs; it included short talking and musical films and a silent feature, 'Don Juan', with a synchronized accompaniment. William Fox in 1927, and later that year he also released the first sound newsreels released a short sound-on-film comedy with spoken dialogue. Public acceptance of sound came on Oct. 6, 1927, when Warner Brothers presented Al Jolson singing and saying a few words in 'The Jazz Singer'. The first full-length all-sound film was 'The Lights of New York', issued by Warner Brothers in 1928. The success of sound revolutionized the film industry. Theaters had to install sound projection equipment, and film studios had to find methods of soundproofing cameras and stages. Movement in most of the early sound films appeared static, because cameras had to be enclosed in soundproof boxes that were difficult to move. Eventually cameras with noiseless gears were developed; microphones were put on booms, or poles, which could be extended as needed. Early
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