The Yami have a unique mythology that functions both as the structure and law of their culture as well as serving as a history of the ancestors for the family recites it; in other words, what is called the 'Song of the Ancestors' is different or each family that recites it, and as far back as how the people got there in the myths may be different between village to village, or family to family. "Inez de Beauclair calls the Yami creation myths "genealogical stories" (1974, 56).” (quoted cp 5). The Yami have myths covering similar topics that are common to most ancient mythologies- the first men, the how and why of settlements emerged, the existence and uses of many plants animals and objects, and what the Yami's relationships …show more content…
Their main god, Simo-Rapao , is in charge of all other gods and passes judgment and punishments to the Yami on suggestion of the other gods who observe and report on the Yami's doings, and created the first two persons. While there are many gods in charge of different aspects, the gods are rarely mentioned in everyday life or mentioned by name in myths but are referred to as 'person from above' (belief sec, ref (Beauclair1974, 15))
The demons and the rules surrounding them are the most sophisticated aspect of the Yami belief system. There is an emphasis between real and imaginary (ie, people vs demons) and their cosmology includes the demons' island, and the “white Island” where a person's main soul goes after death. The functional mythology system can be considered demonism due to focus on demons in cultural fears and rituals.
Anito is a word mostly used for 'demon', or 'ghost' (the Yami have a different word for soul of a living person), commonly in reference to bad ghosts or demons that cause harm: bad behavior, sickness, injury, death, or anything bad that can happen to the Yami are attributed to these demons. 'Good' demons or ghosts who do not harm but watch over their family and offer comfort also exist. There is a second type of demon, called vongkow, that is nether good or bad and only takes the souls of bad people (Benedek, ch 3belief sect).
Demons can take the form of anything, and capable of anything a person can, being as they were one before. They
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysGet Access
One of the most important myths of the Huichols Indians is about the creation of the world. These types of myths are categorized as origin myths which “are typically the most sacred of a culture’s myths and provide the foundation upon which other myths are built” (Lindell “Professor’s Notes 4” 2). The article “Journey of Grandmother Rain” by Jack Eidt tells the story about the first humans, the creation of the land, and the creation of the sun. From a structuralist perspective, the binary opposition that shapes the worldview of the Huichol Indians is apparent in this origin myth. According to Eidt, in the Huichol origin myth the first human, named Watacame, and his black female dog, Tziku Mayuri, had to “withstand five days of monsoons, wind, waves, flooding and storming” (Eidt). After Watacame had successfully survived the storm, the Goddess Takutzi Nakawe (Grandmother Rain)
The soul plays a central part in the spiritual world of the Yanomamo. The soul consists of two pieces the one that continues into the afterlife and the one that is freed upon cremation and lives in the jungle. The Yanomamo believe that after death on the way to topmost layer they come to a fork guarded by a spirit which directs them which way to go guided by the generosity shown by soul’s mortal owner. They believe that if directed to the underworld, they can lie out of it and go down the preferred route. The only type of leadership is that of the headman whose main purpose is to host visitors. In the Yanomamo culture, it is commonplace and expected behavior that women are physically disciplined by their husbands for almost any infraction ranging from being too slow with the preparation of food to suspected infidelity, such
A society’s view of their origin is vital to influencing the traditions and values that that society hold as important. Creation stories are the backbone to any religion or culture; The Anishinabe people are no exception to this phenomenon. Their creation story offers great insight into why their people acted a certain way and what they believed their relationship was to the world. A close analysis of the Anishinabe Creation Story explains certain aspects of the Anishinabe people, such as their patrilineal society and belief that humans were the greatest being created by The Great Spirit, which would otherwise be seen as a mystery by most people. These aspects, and many else, become more evident as we begin to read and evaluate the
Black magic is used when one desires to harm to another. White magic is used when one seeks something innocent, like love. Though the latter appears harmless, the difference between black and white magic is artificial. It is known that a demon’s intent is to gain and secure the worship of the Santeria people above all else and seemingly performs acts of good or kindness in order to receive that worship.
In myths we come across many names of gods and goddesses and strange creatures. All of them have many stories related to them. Different gods represent different aspects of life and the Earth is under their control.
Myths – as they are known to most of the world – give insight into the pasts of various countries and religions as the people saw them. They have been used to explain phenomenons in nature or describe the tales of courageous and important men and women throughout history. Creation myths in particular define how the Earth itself was created, along with the universe, heavens, hell, people, and creatures that exist today. Genesis of Christian mythology, for instance, tells the story of how the single deity God spoke and formed everything from day and night to man and woman. Various African creation myths, such as with the Yoruba, explain the creation of the Earth through at least a couple gods working together and all life
Almost every culture on earth has a creation myth. Most if not all of these myths borrow from the core theme of a God-centered creation as contained in the book of Genesis chapter one. According to Van Over (11), a good number of these creation stories show a similarity in the point of their origin. Rumor has it that some of these myths have emanated from actual historical occurrences or events. All creation myths emerge from one ancient source and only diverge when it comes to their timing and the surrounding cultural circumstances. The variations in the myths come as a result of the differences in time and cultural circumstances. Aside from the two causes of variation, in general all creation myths show a basic outline and they also share some basic elements.
The supernatural powers and deities of Shinto are Kami. Kami are not Gods but spirits that intervene with humans that do not live in a separate dimension but in the same dimension as humans. Kami can take form of elements of nature such as rivers, mountains, storms and earthquakes but they were also the deities that created the universe as stated in their holy text. They can also be spirits that take the form of the living and the souls of humans that have demonstrated outstanding achievement (such as soldiers that gave up their lives for war, emperors and leaders) becoming Kami after their death. Kami are also the ancestors and protectors of human beings. Kami can also influence the course of nature and events of humans. They like the human
Origin myths deliver stories explaining how the world, humans or objects came to existence. Describing where the nation comes from, they are very important to the culture of given region. Therefore, each nation developed its own stories and beliefs; however, there are many similarities between myths of various religions and cultures. A good example would be Native American stories about origin and their resemblance to Greek mythology or to the Bible. Similarities can be seen in different spheres such as creation of humankind or even in the story about flood.
The motifs found in the creation myths are undoubtedly different from those found in any other type of myth. Contrary to popular belief, the purpose of the creation myths is much greater than a primitive attempt to explain the mysteries of creation. Behind each creation myth is a vast variety of symbolism along with a number of motives which are often shared between cultures, despite vast geographical differences. My intention here is not only to discuss the purpose of the creation myths, but also to compare and contrast common themes which can be found in three selected works. These being, an Eskimo creation myth, the Ongwe creation myth and the Navajo creation myth.
Christians believe in Jesus Christ as their savor, while the devil is the enemy of Jesus and try to get Christians to commit evil acts. Angels and demons come into play when good and bad things happen in the world. [Angels=good and Demons=bad] Jesus or God controls Heaven, while the devil controls hell. Heaven is where good souls end up and Hell is where the damned souls end up. People usually use the Holy Spirit as the divine power that enters the person bodies and Virgin Mary is the woman that gave birth to Jesus. Now Buddhist believed in Anatman, Karma, and The Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble Truths are: all of life is marked by suffering, suffering is caused by desire and attachment, suffering can be eliminated, and suffering is eliminated by following the Noble Eightfold Path. Anatman is when Buddhism analyzes human existence as made up of five aggregates or "bundles" (skandhas): the material body, feelings, perceptions, predispositions or karmic tendencies, and consciousness. And Karma is a person's acts and their ethical consequences (2007)
This paper will be looking at the creation myth(s) of the Inca Indians of Peru, South America, the Hopi Indians of North America and the Muslim farmers of Bangladesh. I will be looking for similarities and differences in these three groups’ mythological creation beliefs. When looking at the similarities I will be trying to see if there is one particular theme going between the three groups or if there is no relationship all.
There are many gods, but the most important gods and goddesses were the Olympian gods led by the high god Zeus. The gods were Athena, Apollo, Poseidon, Hermes, Hera, Aphrodite, Demeter, Ares, Artemis, Hades,
Nature, spirits, and life’s existence are important to the Shinto religion. The way in which spirits existed towards humans can be seen as follows: “In their world myriad spirits shone like fireflies and every tree and bush could speak”. Religion had manifested itself into the Shinto religion. Nature was the main religious symbol of the religion. The kami, or religious Gods and spirits could be found everywhere in the Shinto life and religion.
In the case of Spirited Away, it utilizes traditional Japanese legends, coming from the religion of Shintoism. To briefly go over the religion of Shintoism it is indigenous to Japan, Shinto practitioners worship many gods or kami at shrines; and a shrines being the places of worship and different shrines for different kami. Shinto is the way of the gods, kami, or spirits, which is the basis of Shintoism. In Spirited Away, local kami or different gods come to the bathhouse to be cleansed of impurities, For example, the river spirit was heavily polluted and unrecognizable when it came to the bathhouse and with the help of Chihiro was cleansed and his true form was revealed. Again no face another spirit whose attitude needed cleansing. Even the